Addiction of any type can be harmful to individuals who have an abuse problem. Drug and Alcohol abuse can turn into an addiction, and if it does, the individual may face months or even a lifetime of treating it. Not only does this addiction hurt the person abusing but it also hurts their loved ones. Family and friends of an individual addicted to drugs and alcohol may suffer along with the addict due to worry of their safety, health, finances, and the abuser’s other family members.
When a person is addicted, they are actually experiencing a brain disorder. He or she will want drugs and search for them despite whether they are or are not harmful. The individual will become physically dependent on the drugs, then, experience withdrawal due to their body needing more drugs to keep the feeling previously experienced. After a while, more drugs are needed due to the body building tolerance to the drugs, and increased amounts are required for euphoria or the desired effect.
Drug rehabilitation (rehab) is the first step in getting help once a person is addicted. It is very hard for most people to get off drugs or alcohol on their own, even though many have succeeded. The amount of time a person must stay in rehab depends on the severity of the individual’s addiction. Of course, the more severe the addiction, the longer a person will stay in the facility and program. Some people may look at a year-long rehab, in extreme cases, while the lesser addicted may get the help they need within a month or even two.
Effects of Chemicals in Drugs
Chemicals in the drugs give long-lasting effects and can cause changes in the brain. These changes interrupt the cells. The effects from these chemicals may cause the following:
- Not able to think clearly
- Not use good judgment
- Feel abnormal without drugs
- Feel a need to withdrawal
People who abuse drugs such as opiates, narcotics and all the other highly-addictive drugs will more than likely face detoxification (detox), which is a treatment for addict’s, and before any therapy is started, the addict usually has to detoxify. The process of detoxing helps wean people from their physical dependency on their drug or drugs of choice. It can take from five days to two weeks, and it will help the addict to get through treatments. Many times, medication and counseling is received in order for the addict’s symptoms of withdrawal to lessen.
Residential inpatient treatment is the most common drug rehab program for “first time” addicts. These programs may last anywhere from a month to three months, with patients living full time at the facility while being treated. They are usually required to receive fifty or more hours of therapy a week. The longer three-month plan is usually for addict’s on cocaine, methamphetamine’s, and heroin. Cannabis and psychedelic drug user usually have shorter visits.
Partial Hospitalization Programs
One type of treatment which helps people who complete inpatient treatment and may need extra treatment is a partial hospitalization program which allows patients to attend therapies during the daytime, but allow them to return home at night under staff supervision. This helps people who need more therapy to get back on track, and who have completed inpatient treatment. One month to three is a normal treatment plan for such individual’s. This is an addition of time onto the initial inpatient treatment. Six months in clinical rehab is sometimes needed before the addict learns to be independent from drugs or alcohol again.
The 30- to 90-day outpatient rehab program is another good choice, even though they only require a few hours of clinical attendance a day. People with careers, who have addictions, will do best with this type of treatment plan.
Continued Therapy is sometimes necessary due to some addict’s needing extra support and therapy in order to keep drug or alcohol cravings away. Even after completing clinical rehab, some individual’s will continue to struggle with their old addictions. Continuing therapy is a must for these individual’s, and many times it can become a lifetime effort due to addiction always being possible.