If you are struggling with a problem related to prescription pain medicine, you are not the only one.
Many people start taking opiates or pain medication under prescription but slowly, the addiction may outweigh the benefits of the medicine.
If you wish to know whether you or a loved one has developed an addiction to opiates, read on.
What are Opiates?
Opiates are psychoactive drugs that have been derived from extracts of the poppy plant – morphine and codeine. The best known opiates include heroin, oxycodone, and hydrocodone. Some opiates are prescribed for the medical treatment of pain.
Opiates are safe and can alleviate pain if used as directed by a pain management doctor. Painkiller abuse can cause dependence and addiction.
Types of Opiates
The most widely used opioids (generic and brand names) are –
- Morphine (Kadian, Avinza, MS Contin)
- Diphenoxylate (Lomotil)
- Oxycodone (OxyContin, Percodan, Percocet)
- Fentanyl (Duragesic)
- Hydrocodone (Vicodin, Lortab, Lorcet)
- Hydromorphone (Dilaudid)
- Methadone (Dolophine, Methadose)
- Meperidine (Demerol)
- Propoxyphene (Darvon)
Signs of Opiate Addiction
There are signs to tell if you or a loved one has a problem with opiate drugs. The biggest sign of opioid addiction is continuous use opiates despite negative consequences.
Here are some of the key ways you can recognize a problem with an opiate.
Physical Signs and Symptoms
- Abusing opiate medication
- Signs of use include dilated pupils, sedation, or slowed breathing
- Craving for opiates
- Increasing dose amounts or frequency to get the same initial effect
- Mood swings
- Sleep disturbances
Behavioral Signs and Symptoms
- Running out of medications much before refill date
- Visiting different doctors just to obtain prescriptions
- Drug use takes priority over home, work, school responsibilities
- Buying opiates through illegal means, online or on the street