Prescription Drug Information
Tramadol is an opiate agonist and works by altering how the body senses pain. This medication can be prescribed as an immediate release 50 mg tablet or as an extended-release tablet, available in 100, 200, and 300 mg forms. Extended-release tablets are used for the long-term treatment of chronic pain. Do not crush, split, or chew tramadol extended-release tablets. Additionally, taking more tramadol than prescribed could result in dependency.
Certain drugs interact with tramadol. For instance, carbamazepine reduces the overall effect of this pain drug. In addition, combining tramadol with a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor or monoamine oxidase inhibitors could lead to seizures or serious adverse effects. Avoid using quinidine along with tramadol, as this drug increases tramadol concentration by around 50%. Side effects of tramadol include nausea, vomiting, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, and constipation.
Adderall is a stimulant medication used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy (excessive daytime drowsiness). This federally controlled substance has high abuse potential. Adderall works by changing certain brain chemicals. For people with ADHD, it increases attentiveness and decreases impulsiveness.
Adderall has many side effects, which are worse with abuse. These include headache, decreased appetite, rapid heartrate, nervousness, dizziness, and insomnia. Misuse of Adderall could result in sudden death and serious heart problems. Keep this drug out of reach of children and in a safe place. Do not take Adderall if you are on a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI), such as phenelzine or selgiline.
Hydrocodone is an opiate analgesic used for chronic pain. This drug works by changing how the central nervous system and brain responds to pain. Hydrocodone is available in extended-release form, and should not be given to children age 6 and under. This medication is available as a capsule, tablet, syrup, clear liquid solution, extended-release suspension, and extended-release capsule.
Hydrocodone can be habit-forming, and should be taken as directed. This medication should be taken exactly as prescribed, as addiction potential could occur. Certain antidepressants, antipsychotics, antihistamines, Parkinson’s drugs, and urinary drugs may interact with hydrocodone. The side effects of hydrocodone include nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, dizziness, anxiety, dry throat, anxiety, mood changes, rash, itching, and problems urinating.
Oxycodone is used for moderate to severe chronic pain. This medication is available in an immediate-release form, as well as an extended-release form. This narcotic analgesic works by changing how the brain and nervous system responds to pain signals. When combined with acetaminophen, oxycodone forms include Percocet, Oxycet, and Roxicet. When taking extended-release forms of this drug, do not chew, crush, or split the pill.
As with other opiate medications, notify the doctor if you are on antidepressants, antihistamines, diuretics, buprenorphine, or naloxone. Side effects associated with oxycodone include loss of appetite, flushing, sweating, headache, weakness, mood swings, dry mouth, nausea, vomiting, and drowsiness.
Diazepam (Valium) is a benzodiazepine used to treat muscle spasms, control seizures, relieve anxiety, and alleviate the withdrawal symptoms associated with alcohol addiction. This medication is available as an immediate-release tablet, a liquid, and an extended-release capsule. Because Valium can be habit-forming, take the drug exactly as prescribed.
Diazepam is associated with interactions with some medications. Notify the doctor if you take cimetidine, digoxin, antihistamines, ketoconazole, isoniazid, metoprolol, or depression medications. Side effects to Valium include tiredness, dry mouth, drowsiness, dizziness, weakness, diarrhea, changes in appetite, and nausea.
Acetaminophen (generic Tylenol) is used for relieve of mild to moderate pain. The pain specialist will prescribe this drug to treat muscle aches, headaches, colds, sore throats, back pain, and menstrual cramps. Acetaminophen is both an analgesic and antipyretic. It works by changing how the body senses pain and lowering body temperature. Acetaminophen is available in a tablet, chewable tablet, suppository, suspension (liquid), extended-release tablet, and capsule.
Acetaminophen is not intended to be used long-term. Avoid drinking alcohol when taking this drug. Certain medications could be affected by acetaminophen, including warfarin, isoniazid, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, and phenothiazines. Side effects include drowsiness, nausea, rash, itching, hoarseness, and dizziness.
Vicodin is a combination of acetaminophen and hydrocodone. This pain medication is used for moderate to severe forms of pain, and it can be both physically and psychologically addictive. Vicodin is available in a 5, 7.5, and 10 mg form. This drug is a schedule II controlled substance in the United States.
Vicodin can cause certain side effects, including nausea, vomiting, constipation, dizziness, dry mouth, weakness, clammy skin, decreased appetite, bleeding, bruising, and seizures. Before taking this medication, notify the doctor if you are on other medications, such as morphine, codeine, hydromorphone, seizure drugs, or sedatives. Because this drug causes drowsiness, avoid driving, using machinery, or doing certain activities that require alertness.
Ambien is a medication used for treatment of insomnia. This federally controlled substance has high abuse potential, and is recommended only for short-term usage. Ambien is fast-acting, so it should be taken right before bedtime. This drug works by decreasing the time it takes to fall asleep and helps with sleep maintenance.
As with most medications, Ambien has a few side effects. This drug can cause dizziness, diarrhea, drowsiness, and a drugged feeling. Additionally, physical and psychological dependence can occur, so take the drug exactly as prescribed. Serious adverse reactions include allergic reaction (rash, throat swelling, hives), confusion, aggressiveness, anxiety, and suicidal thoughts.
OxyContin is a controlled-release oral form of oxycodone, a powerful opiate analgesic. This drug is intended to be taken every 12 hours, and it cannot be crushed, chewed, or split. When taken inappropriately, OxyContin can be a dangerous drug. It can cause hypotension, circulatory collapse, bradycardia, respiratory arrest, and even death.
Common side effects to OxyContin include constipation, drowsiness, fatigue, euphoria, nausea, vomiting, dry mouth, sweating, urinary retention, hiccups, shortness of breath, and itching. To reduce these side effects, oxycodone has been formulated to contain naloxone, which block opioid receptor sites responsible for abuse potential.
Morphine sulfate is a potent narcotic analgesic used to treat chronic moderate to severe pain. This drug is sold under the brand names of Kadian, Opania, Roxanol, and Avinza. Morphine works by blocking the transmission of pain signals to the brain and binding to opioid receptors.
Morphine is often associated with abuse, addiction, and overdose deaths. It is crucial that you take this medication exactly as prescribed to avoid problems. Common side effects of morphine sulfate include constipation, dry mouth, nausea, vomiting, euphoria, dizziness, confusion, and rash.
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