Drug Abuse Rehab in San Diego
The abuse of substances is one of the nation’s biggest public health issues. Whether illegal drugs, prescription drugs, tobacco, or alcohol, drug abuse occurs when a person consumes a substance for the purpose of altering the mood (getting “high”). People from all walks of life use drugs, including teenagers, college students, professional athletes, working class citizens, and educated professionals.
Drug addiction in San Diego, all of Southern California, is no different. Pacific Bay Recovery offers top rehab for drug addiction, whether the substances are prescription or illicit. The treatment programs are comprehensive and customized to each individual’s needs. Typically, the first step is medical detox to remove the drugs from one’s system.
Here is an overview of various drug addictions that are treated by the top San Diego drug rehab facility – Pacific Bay Recovery!
Around half of the U.S. population has consumed alcohol, making this drug the number one abused substance in America. According to current statistics, 135 million people drink alcohol, and 6.5% of the population admits to heavy drinking. Over long-term, drinking increases a person’s risk of certain health conditions, like liver disease, pancreatitis, and heart disease. A woman who drinks while pregnant could put her child at risk for mental retardation, fetal alcohol syndrome, and impaired vision.
Marijuana is an illicit drug used by approximately 19 million people in the U.S. At present, marijuana is one of the most popular illicit drugs used by high school students. While marijuana contains many carcinogens, the direct link between this drug and cancer is unclear at present.
According to a 2012 report by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), 2.4 million individuals used prescription drugs for the first time in 2012. Painkillers include hydrocodone (Vicodin), oxycodone (OxyContin and Percocet), and morphine (Opana). Called opiates, painkillers mimic the effects of certain “feel-good” activities, such as eating or having sex. Since painkillers are often used intravenously, there is an increased risk for hepatitis and HIV among drug users.
Sedatives are central nervous depressants that work much like alcohol. Tranquilizers and benzodiazepines commonly abused include lorazepam (Ativan), diazepam (Valium), and alprazolam (Xanax). According to SAMHSA, around 2 million users admit to nonmedical use of sedatives.
SAMHSA reports that around 1.5 million people in America used the powerful central nervous stimulant known as cocaine. This potent and addictive drug gives the user a euphoric feeling, which only last around 30 minutes. Even in small doses, cocaine can speed up the heart and tighten the blood vessels, putting the user at risk for heart attack and stroke.
Commonly abused stimulant prescription drugs include methylphenidate (Concerta and Ritalin) and amphetamine (Adderall and Dexedrine). These medications are prescribed for narcolepsy and ADHD. According to SAMHSA statistics, over 1 million people report the nonmedical use of prescription stimulants.
Commonly abused hallucinogens include PCP, LSD, mescaline, peyote, Ecstasy (MDMA), and psilocybin mushrooms. According to reports, around 1 million people use hallucinogens.
Known as the most addictive substance in the world, and called “the king of narcotics,” heroin use has increased in the last five years. According to reports, the number of users increased from 215,000 in 2002 to almost 700,000 in 2012. Users of heroin are at increased risk for blood-borne infections.
Because effects last 40 times longer than those of cocaine, many stimulant abusers are using methamphetamine. This dangerous drug is most commonly abused by young adults. Like cocaine, meth can cause heart problems as well as extremely high body temperature. According to a survey by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), around 13 million people have used methamphetamine at least once.
Synthetic cannabinoids are man-made mind-altering substances that are sprayed on plant material so it can be smoked. These drugs are also sold as liquids, which can be inhaled or vaporized in e-cigarettes. Cannabinoids are related to the marijuana plant, often being called synthetic weed. While marketed as “safe,” these drugs affect the brain more powerfully than marijuana, and are often unpredictable.
Synthetic cathinones, also called bath salts, are synthetic drugs that are chemically related to cathinone, a type of stimulant in the khat plant. Synthetic variants of cathinone are stronger than the natural product and are considered quite dangerous.
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) (2016). Drugs of Abuse. Retrieved from: https://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse