Drug Rehab | Pacific Bay Recovery

Call today to schedule your free and confidential consultation.

(858) 263-9700

Call today to schedule your free and confidential consultation.

(858) 263-9700


Drug Rehab

Men’s Rehab – Teaching Men to Deal with their Demons Head-On

Men’s Rehab - San DiegoCo-ed rehabilitation (rehab) facilities make it hard for each gender to concentrate on healing and starting the recovery process. When you remove the distraction of the opposite sex, the focus goes back to the individual and full concentration on the addiction is in place. This might seem harsh, but men are more distracted by women than women are by men.

Male Counselors

It is often difficult for a man to open up and discuss their troubles with a female. Men know how to relate to each other. This type of approach helps men to figure out exactly what led them to addiction. Perhaps social drinking while watching sports turned into dependency in everyday life. That is common for men. Male counselors use male-driven approaches to counseling sessions by relating items to their specific interests. This aids the patients in recognizing triggers and trouble areas. For instance, while watching a football game, instead of grabbing a beer, get some apple juice instead. It’s the same color as beer but is minus the alcohol.

Comfortable Male-Friendly Setting

Centers that are decorated for men, with themes and accessories or even building projects to complete, are more successful. A male-friendly setting includes a lounge area with big couches, bulky tables, stuffed wildlife, and sometimes, sports themes. This helps men to feel more comfortable and less out of their element. It is still unfamiliar and uncomfortable but being able to recognize things that interest them is a step in the right direction. Men have a variety of interests from cooking to sports and using their hands to build things. Rehab facilities that focus on what they enjoy while treating their disease are found to be the most beneficial.

Activities Geared toward Men’s Interests

While television is unavailable in rehab centers, there are activities to keep men busy. Men need something constructive to do when they’re not in a therapy session.  Working rehab centers help channel frustrations, pent-up stress, and hidden emotions into completing projects. Working with your hands is very therapeutic and rewarding at the same time. Think of the piece of wood or project, you’re working on as your addiction. Take that negative energy and achieve the finished product, which in this case would be sobriety. Some other activities may include a golf outing, flag football, or learning to cook.

Re-Introduction to Society and Family Life

Some men take a back seat to raising children, paying the bills, and helping around the house. As part of their re-introduction to a normal lifestyle, parenting classes and family counseling are often suggested. When family members join therapy sessions, it becomes intense, but this is near the end of the program so that dealing with the pain and anguish felt by family members is easier to cope with. This helps men to want to be part of their children’s lives and help with the household. Essentially, it rounds them out as an adult and teaches them what living responsibility is really all about. The end result is a happier male that is more involved with life in general.

Holistic Rehab – It Isn’t just Crazy Talk

What is Holistic RehabA holistic approach to rehabilitation (rehab) for addictions might seem crazy, but the truth is, it works. These programs are based upon the premise that natural elements remove negative energies and toxins from the body to reduce the “need” for drugs and/or alcohol. Consider it as being a realist’s way of healing. Look into these programs and view the success rates–you may be shocked.

Natural Cleansing Remedies

Connecting with nature and natural elements help to detoxify the body naturally, removing toxins that aid in your dependency on drugs and/or alcohol. What this does is create natural endorphins, which are what creates happiness and energy.  When your body rids itself of negative feelings from positive reinforcements, such as a happy life, a tranquil environment, and a great support group, you can be on your way to embracing a natural lifestyle. This holistic approach may seem absolutely nuts to some, but it isn’t harsh on the body at all. It’s actually quite refreshing.

Aromatherapy for Trigger Reduction

Triggers and temptation cause a general unsettled feeling in the body. Aromatherapy counteracts it. There are different scents that every person finds relaxing. It is important to work with your counselor to find the perfect combination for your unique situation. For instance, someone who becomes angry when their drug of choice is not available may enjoy warm scents such as cinnamon, chocolate, or fresh baked goods. Those that get anxious when they need a fix typically enjoy eucalyptus or fruit scents.

What this type of therapy does is teach you how to take those feelings of anger, depression, and anxiety in combination with a relaxing scent and allow the negative energy to leave the body. The counselor will instruct you to use these scents, and fresh air to calm these unwanted feelings.

Creating Positives Out of Negatives

For every negative in life, there are several positives that will follow. It is important to learn how to take bad feelings, cravings, and triggers and turn them into something constructive. This can mean building something, painting, a new hobby or even going for an evening walk. It’s very cleansing to concentrate these feelings into something constructive to create feelings of accomplishment and happiness. Yoga is peaceful and helps to relax both the mind and body at the same time. Other ideas to consider are learning to cook, taking classes to learn a new trade, joining a walking club, or even just taking walks in nature on your own.

Holistic approaches aren’t for the birds. The body reacts to natural stimulation in a positive manner. Negative energy by allowing life’s stresses and tragedies to take over is what often leads society to dangerous addictions. Those with serious addictions may take longer to benefit from this approach and it may be very hard on the body in the beginning. Once you go through the program and see just how fresh and happy you feel, you’ll see that the tough road was all worth it and you’ll be more motivated to maintain the lifestyle.

Opioid-Dependence Implant: New Treatment Option

A new treatment option for addiction is Probuphine (buprenorphine), a 6-month implant that delivers a small dose of daily medication. Buprenorphine was first approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2002 for the treatment of opioid addiction. Probuphine was developed by Braeburn and Titan Pharmaceuticals.

Opioid Dependence What to do?How does Probuphine Work?

The implant involves 4 one-inch-long rods placed under the skin of the upper arm. This procedure is done in the doctor’s office. The implant provides 6 months of continuous buprenorphine dosing. Probuphine works by binding to opioid receptors in the body to prevent physical withdrawal from opiates, blocking the effects of opiates, and limiting cravings for opiates.

Does Insurance cover Probuphine?

Most of the larger health insurers are covering Probuphine. The implantable device costs around $5,000 or $825 per month. However, some insurance companies are not yet covering the implant, citing that pills cost less. Probuphine is cheaper than Vivitrol, which is a form of naltrexone injected once a month. Vivitrol currently costs around $1,000 a month.

What are the Most Commonly Overdosed Opioids?

The most common drugs involved in prescription overdose deaths are:

  • Methadone
  • Oxycodone (OxyContin)
  • Hydrocodone (Vicodin)

What does the Statistics on Overdose Tell Us?

Overdose deaths involving prescription pain relievers have quadrupled since 1999 in the United States, and so have the sales of these drugs. From 1999 to 2015, more than 165,000 people died in America from prescription opioid overdoses. In addition, more than 14,000 people died from prescription opioid overdoses in 2014 alone. Overdose rates are the highest among individuals age 25-54 years. Men are more likely to die from an overdose, but the mortality gap between women and men is closing.

In 2015, around 2 million people in the U.S. abused or became dependent on prescription opioid medications. Around 1 in 4 people received prescriptions for pain relievers for non-cancer diagnoses. In addition, each day in the U.S, more than 1,000 people are treated in emergency departments for misuse of prescription medications.

How are Probuphine Implants Inserted and Removed?

The Probuphine rod implants are inserted and removed only by a specially trained physician. The doctor numbs the skin of the upper arm using a local anesthetic. A small incision is made, and the implants are placed under the skin. After closing the small incision with sutures, a bandage is applied, which must be kept clean and dry for 3-5 days. You can apply an ice pack to the site for 20-30 minutes several times a day to relieve pain.

The doctor will give you a patient identification card, which you must carry with you at all times. The card contains the date the implants were inserted, and the date they must be removed. You will schedule an appointment with the doctor for removal. The procedure involves a simple office procedure, much like the insertion procedure.

Does Probuphine Work?

According to a phase 3 study by the manufacturing companies, Probuphine is quite effective for treating opioid addiction. The study involved 177 participants who received either Probuphine implants or sublingual buprenorphine tablets for six months. According to the study, the efficacy rate for Probuphine was 96.4% compared to 87.6% for the sublingual buprenorphine group.

In another clinical study, buprenorphine implant patients had significantly more negative urine drug screens during weeks 1-16. The Probuphine implant patients had 40% more negative urine tests for illicit opioids. Participants who received buprenorphine implants had fewer clinician-rated and patient-rated withdrawal symptoms experienced a greater change in ratings of severity of opioid dependence and had lower patient ratings for cravings.

Resources
CDC. Wide-ranging online data for epidemiologic research (WONDER). Atlanta, GA: CDC, National Center for Health Statistics; 2016. Available at http://wonder.cdc.gov.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Multiple Cause of Death 1999-2014 on CDC WONDER Online Database, released 2015. Data are from the Multiple Cause of Death Files, 1999-2014, as compiled from data provided by the 57 vital statistics jurisdictions through the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program. Accessed at http://wonder.cdc.gov/mcd-icd10.html.
Frenk SM, Porter KS, Paulozzi LJ. Prescription opioid analgesic use among adults: United States, 1999–2012. NCHS data brief, no 189. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2015.
Ling W, Casadonte P, Bigelow G, et al. Buprenorphine Implants for Treatment of Opioid Dependence: A Randomized Controlled Trial. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 2010; 304 (14): 1576 DOI: 10.1001/jama.2010.1427
Ossiander EM. Using textual cause-of-death data to study drug poisoning Ossiander EM Am J Epidemiol. 2014 Apr 1;179(7):884-94. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwt333. Epub 2014 Feb 1112.)
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2014.

Not-so-Obvious Signs of Alcohol Addiction

Alcohol addicts often don’t want help. They hide their problem as well as their struggle. Hiding allows them to go on drinking. Without professional help, the drinker can go on for long till s/he hits rock bottom. The longer they drink at dangerous levels, the higher is their likelihood of addiction.

So, how can you know if a loved one is hiding a drinking problem?

While denial is common among alcoholics, a person with a drinking problem will often rationalize the amount they drink; convincing themselves and others that it is no more than a drink now and then. When someone drinks in unhealthy amounts and pattern, it can involve clever ways to obtain and hide alcohol, including

  • travelling to places they may not be recognized, to buy alcohol
  • hiding alcohol around the house or office, for example, in non-alcoholic drink containers
  • using a hip flask
  • mixing alcohol in soft drinks

Hidden Signs of Alcoholism

There are various signs that may indicate a drinking problem.

  1. Denying or lying about the amounts they are drinking
  2. Drinking heavily while alone
  3. Passing out due to too much drinking
  4. Neglecting personal and professional responsibilities as a result of drinking
  5. Drinking alcohol first thing in the morning
  6. Experiencing cravings for a drink that affect mood or concentration levels

If you recognize these signs in a loved one, seek professional help so that they can work towards the best possible solution.

Exams and Tests for Drug Abuse and Dependency

A high index of suspicion is required for patients who show signs and symptoms of drug abuse or dependency. A complete evaluation of the patient is necessary, including physical examination and laboratory investigations. The clinical diagnosis of the patient is facilitated by the presence of specific signs – for example, nasal ulceration in cocaine abuse. Nevertheless, it is common for patients to have non-specific complaints related to drug withdrawal. A wide range of signs and symptoms has been attributed to drug abuse, including constricted or dilated pupils, coarse voice, abnormal heart rate, enlarged liver and collapsed veins.

Drug Addiction Treatment San DiegoDiagnosis of drug abuse is largely dependent upon the identification of important clues from patient history. For example, these may include frequent road traffic accidents, workplace absences, episodes of domestic violence, chronic pain with no underlying cause and a recent onset of seizures. The CAGE questionnaire is helpful in the diagnosis of alcohol dependence, and ideally, should be used to ensure the documentation of important information regarding alcohol dependency in a patient. It is also used as a screening tool to identify alcohol abuse and dependency. In terms of drug abuse, the Conjoint screening test is the tool of choice.

Substance abuse, in general, can lead to neuromuscular symptoms such as tremors, seizures, and rigidity. Psychological symptoms include nervousness, anxiety, confusion, slurred speech, irritability, a staggering gait, and hallucinations. Psychological problems always arise with CNS-acting drug abuse and confuse the clinical picture. The inspection of body and clothes of patients can provide additional evidence regarding drug abuse, for example, an alcoholic odor in the person’s breath, needle marks on their arms, residual cocaine around the nares and clothes that are stained with alcohol.

Laboratory investigations should be suggested if a clinical suspicion arises. Laboratory tests do not have diagnostic accuracy in detecting drug abuse. A few tests can help in identifying patients with drug abuse and they can also give information about chronic intake of specific drugs. They are also of value for the detection of organ damage from chronic drug abuse. Blood samples can be taken to run drug toxicology screens and measure Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV). The toxicology screens identify the pharmacological class of drugs.

 Drug metabolites are accurately detected in saliva and urine, therefore urine samples are useful in measuring hourly drug clearance. Positive findings in toxicology screens emphasize the need for confirmatory tests. Enzyme-mediated Immunoassay Technique (EMIT) is also used to confirm the presence of drugs in the bloodstream. In most cases, only metabolites of a particular drug are detected in significant quantities; traces of parent drug or complete absence thereof can make interpretation difficult, as metabolites of two or more different drugs can be similar. False negatives are common and can be brought about by additional drugs taken for the sole purpose of elimination. These drugs act as a ‘mask’ for the original drug being tested.  Other tests, such as gamma glutamyl transpeptidase and carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT), have a role in identifying alcohol abuse.

Crystal Methamphetamine; How it Works?

Crystal methamphetamine, also called methylamphetamine or desoxyephedrine, is in the form of the chemical n-methyl-1-phenyl-propan-2-amine. On the street, it is simply known as “meth.” In the crystalline form, this drug is known as Ice, Tina, Glass, or Crystal. Typically, users smoke this drug in a glass pipe, but it is often dissolved in water and injected, snorted, or swallowed. Many women use crystal meth to lose weight, but the effects are usually short term. The body grows a tolerance to this drug, so the weight loss stops after six weeks of regular use.

According to a recent survey by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), over 12 million people in the U.S. have tried methamphetamine at least once, but over 1 million people used it on a regular basis the year prior to the 2012 survey. There are serious psychological, medical, and social consequences associated with methamphetamine abuse, as it can lead to memory loss, psychotic behavior, malnutrition, and serious dental problems. This drug also contributes to an increased risk of obtaining a blood-borne disease, such as hepatitis or HIV.

Methamphetamine AddictionYour Brain on Meth

Crystal methamphetamine increases dopamine, a powerful neurotransmitter, which is involved in motivation, reward, pleasure, and motor function. This drug has the ability to release the dopamine rapidly, so the brain produces a quick “flash” of reward. This leads the user to become addicted and experience chronic relapses and compulsive drug-seeking behavior.

Methamphetamine Effects

Many methamphetamine users enjoy this drug because it produces a long-lasting high and causes numerous neurotransmitters to be released in tissues of the brain, which leads to a sense of euphoria. That high often lasts up to 12 or more hours, depending on the person and how the drug was originally taken. As a popular stimulant drug, crystal meth improves energy, concentration, and alertness, but decreases appetite and fatigue. Many meth users report an increased enjoyment in sexual activity and libido.

There are several associated effects linked to pure methamphetamine use. Crystal meth is never pure, so the dangers associated with this drug go beyond regular side effects and known signs. Commonly reported immediate effects include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Euphoria
  • Increased alertness and energy
  • Loss of appetite
  • Insomnia
  • Jaw clenching
  • Increased libido
  • Elevated heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and blood sugar levels

The effects of chronic use include tolerance, temporary weight loss, drug cravings, the rapid decay of teeth (“meth mouth”), and drug-related psychosis. When a person overdoses on crystal meth, they experience a sense of flesh crawling, paranoia, delusions, hallucinations, brain damage, muscle breakdown, cardiac arrest, stroke, and/or hyperthermia.

The Ingredients

Methamphetamine is available by prescription for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, obesity, and narcolepsy. This street drug is made in illegal labs in homes, however. The making of crystal meth involves the use of pseudoephedrine or ephedrine, which is an allergy and cold medicines. The “red, white, and blue process” is where red phosphorus, white ephedrine, and blue iodine are used to make hydroiodic acid. This type of drug is highly dangers, as the phosphorus with sodium hydroxide produces a poisonous phosphine gas, which can autoignite or blow up in the home. In addition to these substances, makers often use ether, chloroform, acetone, ammonia, methylamine, hydrochloric acid, lithium, and/or mercury to make crystal meth.

Why should I choose an Intensive Outpatient Treatment Program?

Recovery from substance abuse is a step-by-step process. After medical detox, people go through different types of treatment – inpatient and outpatient. Read on to learn how an intensive outpatient treatment helps you recover allows you to choose a program that’s right for you.

Intensive Outpatient Treatment Program

While people undergoing treatment for drug abuse get clean and come back to normal lives, recovery is a lasting commitment. Addiction treatment begins with drug detox after which individuals enter an intensive drug addiction rehab program.

Some people can’t enter an inpatient program due to personal and professional commitments. For them, an outpatient treatment program is best. It allows people to continue with work, school or family obligations.

Benefits of Intensive Outpatient Treatment Program

Intensive Outpatient treatment brings the benefits of recovering while staying within one’s own family or community. Family members can offer them support to overcome addiction. In addition, career or educational responsibilities may help some people stay focused and successful during the recovery process.

After inpatient treatment, individuals may have to face the challenge of managing temptations and triggers, which were absent in the rehab but are there in the outside world. Losing the peer support might be a setback to some. Outpatient treatment does not present these challenges since the individual recovers at home and learns to manage triggers and cravings since the beginning of treatment.

Apart from this, intensive outpatient programs give you structure and support while allowing you to live at home. You undergo daily therapy sessions that gradually become less intensive. This helps you transition back into your home, life, and career while getting the necessary support.

Buprenorphine and Opioid-Dependency Treatment

Opioid-AddictionBuprenorphine is a partial opioid-receptor agonist used in high dosages to treat the opioid-dependence disorder. This semi-synthetic opioid derivative of thebaine/paramorphine (an opiate alkaloid) is popularly used in Medication-assisted Treatment (MAT) or opiate-drug detoxification process, which helps reduce or completely cease chronic addiction to heroin, morphine and other opiates. Short or long-term opioid replacement therapy using buprenorphine is more effective when practiced through a ‘whole-patient approach’ with behavioral interventional therapies and psychological support, given through one-to-one guidance counseling.

 

 

Methadone SolutionComparison with Methadone

Buprenorphine, also a partial opioid agonist, is just as effective as methadone, having a similar mechanism of action. These drugs negate the potential of any life-threatening respiratory depression or stress known to occur in heroin abuse. Buprenorphine also has fewer side-effects when compared to alpha-2 agonists, since withdrawal symptoms resolve quickly in shorter duration than methadone or clonidine. Buprenorphine’s long-acting opioid effects increase on regular administration until they level off at a certain dosage; thereafter, drug-effects would not escalate even if the dosage is increased. This is called the ‘ceiling effect’, which helps reduce the chances of drug misuse or dependency and helps control other side effects of the drug.

One of the major advantages of buprenorphine is that it does not require a highly sophisticated clinic setting for treatment, like in the case of Methadone. Buprenorphine is the first medication, which can be dispensed directly to the patient through a physician’s prescription. This ease of treatment methodology has increased access to the drug, which can be prescribed in any setting, be it a doctor’s office, private health clinic, community hospital or public health department. Though therapeutic efficiency of buprenorphine is identical to methadone, it is not the commonly preferred treatment of choice for patients with high level of physical dependence on opiates. Common side effects of buprenorphine use are fever, fatigue, muscle cramps, insomnia, nausea, vomiting, stress, and irritability.

Phases of Buprenorphine treatment

  1. Induction is the primary administration of buprenorphine to an opioid-dependent addict. One important condition to start this drug treatment is abstinence from opiate-consumption for at least 12 – 24 hours before buprenorphine ingestion. If the patient is not in the early stages of withdrawal and still has opioids circulating in their bloodstream, severe withdrawal symptoms may set in, upsetting the treatment course.
  2. Stabilization phase is when the patient has ceased or greatly reduced their opioid abuse habit and do not experience cravings or side effects. Buprenorphine dosage may be reduced from daily to an alternate-day regimen, due to the long-acting nature of the drug.
  3. The maintenance phase is when the patient is showing steady recovery while on continuous buprenorphine treatment. The length of maintenance on the drug is customized according to every patient’s needs and could also go on indefinitely. Medically-supervised withdrawal or tapering the dosage helps in making the transition to a drug-free state smoother. To prevent chances of relapse back to the old addiction, the patient is recommended to continue rehabilitation through psychiatric guidance and counseling.

Buprenorphine Misuse Potential

Mild opioid effects of buprenorphine’s intake are usually misused by many, especially by those who have no opioid dependency. To forestall diversion from treatment course and prevent the likelihood of drug-misuse, Naloxone is added along with buprenorphine as it blocks opioid withdrawal symptoms.

FAQ’s on Suboxone Treatment

The FDA approved Suboxone treatment for opioid drug addiction in 2002 following successful clinical trials. With about 60 percent assured success rate, the medication-assisted detox treatment has been a more convenient and effective alternative to methadone and naltrexone therapies since then. It works by reducing dependence on opiates, preventing craving for those drugs and eliminating withdrawal symptoms.

SuboxoneWhat is Suboxone?

Suboxone is the brand name of buprenorphine, a narcotic drug used to treat addiction to opioid drugs. It contains buprenorphine hydrochloride and naloxone. The former reduces excessive dependence on opiates while the latter blocks opiate reception by the nervous system.

What is Suboxone treatment?

Suboxone treatment involves controlled use of buprenorphine, the generic name of Suboxone, to reduce dependence and strong carving for oxycodone, hydrocodone, morphine, heroin and other opiate drugs and substances.

Opioids used as pain medication and other treatment purposes are known to cause dependence and significant cravings in patients to have these drugs. This translates into addiction in the long term. Suboxone detox therapy is used to gradually alleviate dependency on opioids by eliminating cravings for those drugs and inhibiting withdrawal symptoms.

When is Suboxone treatment used?

Suboxone detox treatment is for those with opiate drug addiction problems. It inhibits strong cravings for opioids, such as oxycodone, hydrocodone and heroin, and withdrawal syndrome associated with their non-use. When combined with counseling, support, and relapse prevention guidance, the medication helps complete recovery from opiate drug addiction. Most de-addiction centers use the treatment for detoxification and inpatient rehabilitation.

How does it work?

Unlike other opioids, Suboxone has two chemical compounds – buprenorphine hydrochloride and naloxone. The first one is a “semi-synthetic mixed partial agonist opioid receptor modulator” that can work both as “agonist and antagonist for different opioid receptors.” Naloxone, the second one, is a pure antagonist that inhibits overdose effects of opioids and block receptors.

The combination replaces the use of opiate drugs and stops dependence on them by inhibiting nervous system from experiencing these drug effects. As a result, patients fail to feel the opiate drugs. Simultaneously, buprenorphine replaces the opioid as the pain killer while naloxone preventing any withdrawal symptoms. The drug also creates a pharmacological response that helps subside the urge for opioids.

How does is Suboxone administered?

Suboxone treatment is available in various forms, such as pill, oral liquid, injection or patch. Patients may chew, ingest or use them in injections.

When is a Suboxone treatment prescribed?

A patient is prescribed Suboxone treatment when he or she is medically certified for developing a dependency to an opioid. Those developing withdrawal symptoms when not taking opiate drugs are also prescribed the treatment. The therapy is also useful in de-addiction of drug addicts.

How is Suboxone treatment done?

  • Patients need to consult doctors and discuss about opiate drug used, issues related to the drug addiction, life issues and objective of potential Suboxone treatment. The doctor is the appropriate authority to make a decision if you need the treatment.
  • If a patient is found suitable for Suboxone treatment, a plan is made as per his or her individual condition. Those at the initial stage or moderate withdrawal stage are administered the medication at the initial meeting.
  • The dose is adjusted in the next two weeks and a stable regimen is ensured.
  • Patients are encouraged to have psychological counseling.

What precautions should be taken while getting Suboxone treatment?

Patients must check if

  • the dose is exceeding their requirement leading to Suboxone addiction
  • there are opioid withdrawal symptoms, such as abnormal sweating, temperature sensation, muscle pain, shaking, etc.
  • there is any side effect

How long do I need to have Suboxone treatment take?

A patient may need Suboxone treatment from a week to three months depending on his or her condition.

What results may I expect?

When the treatment is initiated, patients may experience no benefit from opiates. Doctors may replace them with Suboxone. There may be initial inconveniences and mild unpleasant symptoms. But gradually patients feel comfortable and achieve detox.

How quickly can I get a result?    

Patients may experience result within a week, subject to their conditions. A longer maintenance therapy prevents relapse. The complete detox is achieved in 10 to 12 weeks, as suggested by various studies.

Is there any risk of Suboxone addiction?

Buprenorphine replaces opioids in the central nervous system receptors, but its controlled administration does not lead to addiction. It reduces excessive dependence or addiction to a normal level, restores control, ends constant carvings and ensures remission and detoxification. Also, the same high level of addiction associated with opiates is not possible while using buprenorphine. It does not cause any mental disorientation.

Though most signs and symptoms of addiction disappear, some pre-existing dependence continues even after Suboxone treatment. This dependence is not problematic and is managed easily with support and consulting.

How do I know if Suboxone detox is right for me?

Whether Suboxone detox is suitable for you or not is decided in consultation with medical and addiction experts.

Is it possible to switch from methadone to Suboxone?

Yes, a patient can switch to Suboxone detox treatment. However, it is essential to consult your doctor first.

What are side effects of Suboxone treatment?

Unless the treatment plan and dosage are designed by expert medical or detox professionals, Suboxone treatment may lead to side effects, such as

  • an uncontrolled abuse that may lead to dependency
  • respiratory distress
  • motor coordination dysfunction
  • hypotension, hepatic syndrome, allergy, constipation and neurological problems
  • withdrawal syndrome
  • insomnia and sleep disorder

How effective is Suboxone treatment?

  • The medication prevents obsession, opiate drug craving and withdrawal symptoms in the opioid-dependent patient.
  • Studies have indicated about 60 percent success rate in ensuring relapse prevention and continued sobriety over one-year time.
  • The medication also discourages use of opioids by blocking brain receptors for those drugs.
  • Compared to methadone detox, Suboxone is easy and convenient to use, as there is no regulations, no intense addiction fears and patients don’t need to join any rehab program.

The Facts on Fentanyl

Fentanyl is a drug that has been around a while, but just now is becoming abused. This drug is a powerful synthetic opioid that is prescribed under the brand names Duragesic, Actiq, and Sublimaze. Here are some facts about fentanyl.

About the Drug

Fentanyl is similar to the opioid morphine, but it is actually 100 times more potent. The drug fentanyl is a schedule II prescription drug that is only given to patients with severe, intractable pain. Street names for fentanyl are GoodFella, Jackpot, Friend, Dance Fever, China Girl, China White, Apache, Murder 8, TNT, and Tango & Cash.

How People use Fentanyl

When prescribed by a doctor, fentanyl is administered via transdermal patch, injection, or in lozenges. However, fentanyl and its analogs associated with overdoses have been produced in clandestine laboratories. Nonpharmaceutical fentanyl is sold as a power, spiked on blotter paper, as tablets that mimic other opioids, or mixed with or substituted for heroin. Because drug dealers are now manufacturing fentanyl, people can snort, swallow, or inject the synthetic drug.

How Fentanyl Patches are Abused

Duragesic patches are abused by people who just wish to get high. People who abuse fentanyl are not in pain. The fentanyl patches contain a gel in a pouch lying between two membranes. The abuser will eat the fentanyl gel, giving them a big dose all at once. Many fentanyl abusers steal the patches from a friend, family member, or person in his/her care, and then apply them to their skin or eat the gel.

Who Abuses Fentanyl

Fentanyl abuse can occur when a person exaggerates his/her pain in order to get a prescription from the doctor. An injured person could pretend to be in great pain just to get fentanyl. Physicians may over-prescribe fentanyl by giving the patient the medication when he/she does not need it, or for longer than he/she requires the drug. In addition, healthcare and pharmacy workers can become addicted to or abuse fentanyl, because they have access to prescriptions and medications.

How Fentanyl affects your Brain

Fentanyl works by binding with the body’s natural opioid receptors, which are located in areas of the brain that control emotions and pain. Like morphine and heroin, fentanyl has a high addiction potential. When opioid drugs bind to the body’s opioid receptors, they drive up dopamine levels in reward area, which produces a state of relaxation and euphoria. The effects of fentanyl also include confusion, nausea, vomiting, constipation, drowsiness, sedation, addiction, tolerance, respiratory depression, unconsciousness, coma, and with overdose, death.

What Makes Fentanyl Dangerous

Fentanyl is a dangerous drug when used recreationally. Opioid receptors found in the brain control breathing rate. When fentanyl is consumed or absorbed in high doses, it can cause your breathing to completely stop. This is especially true when a the drug user is not aware of what he/she is taking. Fentanyl sold on the street poses many dangers, as it amplifies the potency of heroin and cocaine.

The Drug Abuse/Use Problem in America

According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), 39 million people in the U.S. have used prescription drugs for non-medical purposes. That’s roughly 10% of the entire population. Of those who abuse drugs, teens and adolescents make up 3 million of them.

Signs and Symptoms of Fentanyl Abuse

There are a number of signs and symptoms that alert you that someone you know, love, and wish to help is abusing fentanyl. These signs and symptoms include:

  • Difficulty seeingDetox Center San Diego
  • Depression
  • Loss of appetite
  • Itching
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Retention of urine
  • Dry mouth
  • Pin-point pupils (constriction)
  • Sweating
  • Hallucinations
  • Bad dreams
  • Weight loss

Pacific Bay Recovery is the top drug rehab center in Southern California, offering first rate treatment for both prescription and illicit drugs. Most insurance is accepted at the San Diego drug rehab center, call us today!

Resources

Higashikawa Y, Suzuki S. Studies on 1-(2-phenethyl)-4-(N-propionylanilino) piperidine (fentanyl) and its related compounds. VI. Structure-analgesic activity relationship for fentanyl, methyl-substituted fentanyls and other analogues. Forensic Toxicol. 2008;26(1):1-5. doi:10.1007/s11419-007-0039-1.

Nelson L, Schwaner R. Transdermal fentanyl: Pharmacology and toxicology. J Med Toxicol. 2009;5(4):230-241. doi:10.1007/BF03178274.

Volpe DA, Tobin GAM, Mellon RD, et al. Uniform assessment and ranking of opioid Mu receptor binding constants for selected opioid drugs. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2011;59(3):385-390. doi:10.1016/j.yrtph.2010.12.007.