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Prescription Drug Addiction

Opioids Now a Bigger Killer Than Cancer: Here’s How We Fix That

Opioids Kill More than CancerA recent CNN report identified a devastating truth about the current opioid epidemic: opioids are now a bigger killer of Americans than cancer. In 2016 there were 42 000 overdoses of opioids (which include codeine, fentanyl, and heroin). Only 41 000 Americans die from breast cancer each year. The news that opioids are a bigger killer than breast cancer is no surprise for some, and much has been made about the national opioid crisis. In October the President Donald Trump announced from the White House that the opioid crisis was a “National Emergency” and needs to be dealt with immediately.


You might be forgiven for thinking that opioid addiction means heroin addiction. But increasingly that is not the case. Many people afflicted by this were actually prescribed these drugs for their chronic pain conditions by Doctors. When a clamp down on opioid prescriptions swept across America, many were left in the dark, addicted and alone. Talking to the Guardian, Cassie from Cleveland talked about the first time she used opioids for her back pain


“I felt like that’s how I wanted to feel for the rest of my life…I had energy, I was happy, nothing hurt, and it also took away those feelings of feeling, like, out of place. It just numbed me.”


Now 31, Cassie has overcome her addiction and says it was an uphill battle, but she is happy she can help people in a similar situation.


Prescription drug addiction affects thousands of Americans every year and isn’t just limited to opioids. The following drugs can be addictive and may require treatment:


  • Opiates – Also called narcotics and prescribed for severe or chronic pain.
  • Stimulants – Used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
  • Sedatives – Benzodiazepines used for sleep and to treat anxiety disorders.


The Solution: More Emphasis on Rehabilitation


It might seem like the landscape is dire, or that there is little hope for thousands of patients with prescription drug addiction from the way news outlets have been reporting the issue. But this isn’t true. With better support and a better understanding of the problem, we can make significant inroads into the problem.


A major issue has been the patients who were being prescribed drugs that have the “rug pulled out from under them” so to speak. These patients were taken off prescriptions and had no help to overcome their addiction. The CDC has made this a priority for Doctors, who are now being trained a lot more on how to wean their patients off the drugs.


There are also options for patients who do not have a prescription. Specialist rehabilitation services across the united states do fantastic work with both inpatient and outpatient services. They can take patients on an outpatient basis, where they prescribe a number of different drugs that can help wean addicts off the drugs. They also offer inpatient services, where the person stays at a residential facility with staff for a period of time. The clinician in charge of each patient will make a decision as to what treatment is appropriate for the patient.


With services like these, the opioid epidemic is sure to pass and patients will be free to live addiction-free lives.


Why Oxycodone is Being Used Recreationally

is oxycodone addictiveOxycodone is a synthetic opioid drug that is produced from thebaine which is found in the Persian poppy plant. The drug is used as a pain relieving medication and is found to be up to 1.5 times more potent than morphine.

Oxycodone is indicated for providing pain relief in patients with moderate to severe pain and is used in situations such as:

  • Post-surgical pain relief.
  • Severe spinal pathologies.
  • Pain caused by certain cancers.


Effects of oxycodone other than pain relief include:

  • Feelings of euphoria.
  • Reduced anxiety.

The reason why this happens is that the drug works on the opioid receptors in the brain that are involved with the reward system of the organ. Unfortunately, prolonged use of medications such as oxycodone can lead to other problematic behaviors such as:

  • Tolerance – where the user starts to use more of the medication because it doesn’t seem to provide the desired effect, be it pain relief or the mentioned euphoria associated with its use.
  • Recreational use – the pain may no longer be present but the individual may still be using the medication because of the mentioned effects it has on the body.
  • Dependence – this occurs when one stops using the drug and begins to experience withdrawal symptoms thereby causing the individual to continue using oxycodone to prevent these issues from occurring.
  • Addiction – is oxycodone addictive? Yes, it is because continued use of the medication may result in health-related problems, issues with school or work performance, and even getting into trouble with the law. Continued behaviors such as these without taking into consideration the negative consequences associated with it are regarded as addictive behaviors.

In one literature review, multiple studies demonstrated that oxycodone had an elevated abuse liability compared to other similar drugs such as morphine and hydrocodone-based on its high likability scores and relatively reduced amount of subjective effects.1


Adverse effects

Oxycodone use in high dosages can lead to problems such as:

  • Suppressed and shallow respiration.
  • Slowed heart rate.
  • Low blood pressure.
  • Circulatory collapse.
  • Respiratory arrest.
  • Spinal cord infarction, strokes, and heart attacks due to reduced blood flow and oxygen transport to the involved organs.
  • Liver and/or kidney damage if oxycodone combined with medications such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen are consumed.

Legal status in the United States

Oxycodone is a Schedule II controlled substance under the Controlled Substance Act that was enacted in 1971. This includes formulations of the medication where other drugs are included with the oxycodone, such as those mentioned already.

Despite this legislation, oxycodone is still one of the most commonly abused pharmaceutical drugs in the United States and has given rise to the current opioid epidemic which has resulted in the death of over 180,000 people from 2009 to 2015 with nearly 35,000 of those fatalities coming from the latter mentioned the year.


The primary focus of prevention is at the level of the physicians who prescribe these medications. Caution needs to be exercised when patients are prescribed oxycodone. Their needs and unique circumstances should be factors that must be considered when deciding who is prescribed these kinds of medications.

Where addictive behaviors are suspected in individuals using these medications, the services of local substance abuse rehabilitation facilities should be made use of.

Everything You Need to Know About LSD

Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) is sold on the street under names such as Blotter, Dots, Trips, and acid. The designs on the blotter paper also influence the name, such as Purple Dragon. LSD is an odorless, colorless, bitter tasting synthetic drug that has been around since the 1930s. It is a potent hallucinogen and is manufactured from lysergic acid found in ergot (a fungus) on rye and grains. LSD is diluted as a liquid for oral use or produced in a crystalline form that is mixed with excipients.

The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NHSDA) in 2010 estimated that more than 6 percent of surveyed adults ages 18 to 25 used LSD at some point of their lives. This number was down significantly from 16 percent in 2002, however. For youth, the rate of LSD use during the last month is less than 1 percent.

LSD Uses and Effects

LSD is usually taken as a recreational drug, entheogen, or for psychedelic therapy. It has been used by psychiatrists who value the therapeutic effects in the treatment of cluster headaches, alcoholism, to enhance creativity, and for spiritual purposes. Also, LSD can help a patient to “unblock” subconscious repressed memories, leading to benefits in psychotherapy.

LSD effects are unpredictable, and use is considered to be an experience or “trip.” When it’s not pleasant, it’s considered a “bad trip,” versus a “good trip” when all goes well. These “trips” can last for up to 12 hours, and the first effects of the drug are experienced approximately 30 to 60 minutes once it is used.

The user will have varying emotions, mood swings, extreme changes in mood, impaired depth and time perceptions, and distorted perception regarding movements, shapes, colors, sound, body image, and touch. If taken for an extended period of time, the drug produces hallucinations and delusions. LSD causes physical changes also, such as high body temperature, dilated pupils, sweating, nausea, increased blood sugar, elevated heart rate, high blood pressure, dry mouth, tremors, and sleeplessness.

LSD Health Hazards

LSD use makes a person lose the ability to make sound judgments and view danger. After using LSD, a person suffers depression and/or anxiety, and may also experience flashbacks, which are re-experiences of the “trip days or months after consuming the last dose. If a flashback suddenly occurs, it is often without warning, and the hallucinogens are more common in a chronic LSD user or those with an underlying personality disorder. Healthy individuals who occasionally use LSD also have flashbacks and bad trips. In addition, LSD produces tolerance, and users need to take larger and larger amounts to achieve a state of intoxication. This, however, is a dangerous way to use LSD, as it is an unpredictable drug.

LSD is not seriously addictive, as it does not lead to compulsive drug-seeking behavior. Addiction to hallucinogens is quite a rate but does occur. Because LSD produces a tolerance, some users report that they need to take higher doses each time. Also, LSD is illegal and possessing it leads to disciplinary consequences, fines, and heavy prison sentences.

First 6-Month Implant to Treat Opioid Addiction

The Psychopharmacologic Drugs Advisory Committee (PDAC) of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) voted 12 to 6 for the approval of Probuphine implant for treating opioid addiction. Probuphine is the first long-acting subdermal buprenorphine implant that delivers 8 mg or less per day of the drug to the patient.

At the recent meeting, doctors presented efficacy data from a recent clinical study confirming Probuphine’s effectiveness as a 6-month maintenance treatment for opioid dependence. Several sensitivity analyses were presented at the meeting, and the FDA evaluated the results that favored Probuphine. In addition, safety findings showed how insertion and removal procedures were safe.

What are Opioids?

Opioids are a class of drugs that include licit prescription pain relievers, as well as the illicit drug heroin. Commonly abused opioids include oxycodone, fentanyl, codeine, hydrocodone, and morphine. Opioids interact with opioid receptors that lie on the nerve cells of the brain tissue. These receptors produce pleasurable effects when activated, relieving pain.

Drug Rehab San DiegoHow Common is Addiction?

Addiction is a chronic, primary, and relapsing brain disease characterized by a person pursuing reward and relief by using substances. Around 21.5 million Americans have a substance use disorder, and of these individuals, almost 2 million use prescription pain relievers. In addition, 586,000 people use heroin, with 23% of these individuals developing an opioid addiction.

Drug overdose is now the leading cause of accidental death in the United States. According to recent data, there are around 19,000 overdose deaths related to prescription pain medicines each year, and approximately 10,500 overdose deaths are related to heroin annually.

How does Probuphine Work?

Probuphine offers the best chance of individuals with opioid addiction to reach recovery goals. This new treatment is a real option for millions of patients and their families who suffer from opioid addiction. Probuphine provides maintenance treatment continuously for 6 months, decreases the risk of diversion, eliminates the need to visit the clinic frequently, and improves people’s quality of life.

Probuphine is merely a small rod that contains buprenorphine, which is a medication approved by the FDA for opioid addiction. The rod is positioned under the skin of the upper arm in a simple office procedure. The implant delivers a daily dose of medication to the patient without the need for taking pills or injections.

Addiction RecoveryWhat are the Potential Benefits of Using Buprenorphine?

The buprenorphine implant has several benefits. These include:

  • You do not have to worry about taking a pill every day.
  • You will not experience the side effects of Suboxone, such as the awful taste.
  • You won’t have to worry about the medication being stolen, lost, or sold.
  • If you have to go to jail or attend rehab, the implant will continue working, so there is no chance of withdrawal or interruption in treatment.
  • The treatment is more effective than short-term detoxification followed by maintenance medicines.

What is involved in the Treatment Program?

The Probuphine 6-month implant is used as a part of a complete treatment program that includes psychological support and counseling. Probuphine consists of 4 one-inch-long rods that are implanted beneath the skin of the upper arm. The doctor administering the medication is specially trained for the surgical insertion and removal procedure. The doctor must become certified through the Probuphine Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) program.

Is the Probuphine Implant Safe?

In a recent randomized clinical trial, the safety and efficacy of Probuphine were demonstrated. The participants were adults who met strict clinical criteria for opioid dependence. This was measured using self-reporting illicit opioid use and urine screening. Of the participants, 64% had no evidence of opioid use throughout the six months of evaluation and implant treatment.



American Society of Addiction Medicine (2016). Opioid Addiction.

Food and Drug Administration (2016). FDA approves first buprenorphine implant for treatment of opioid dependence.

Rural America and Prescription Drug Addiction

Rural America is the heartland of our great country. In rural America, you have coal mining, corn fields, cattle ranches, vegetable farms, steel mill work, and now, prescription drug addiction. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), rural America is being hit hard with prescription drug addiction, with an estimated 2.1 million people suffering from some type of prescription drug abuse and addiction in 2012 alone.

The National Institutes of Health reports that prescription drug addiction has been plaguing rural America for the last 2 decades. The abuse to heroin and prescription pain relievers affects 36 million people worldwide. The number of unintentional overdose deaths has soared in the U.S., thanks to prescription drugs. Based on data from NIDA, the number of overdose deaths has quadrupled in the last 15 years, since OxyContin burst on the scene in 1998.

Scope and Impact of Prescription Opioid Drug Use

To address the complex problem of prescription opioid abuse in the U.S., researchers analyzed the special characteristics of this phenomenon. NIDA evaluated the negative and growing impact of prescription drug abuse on health and mortality, but also assessed the fundamental role played by prescription opioids in healing and relieving human suffering. Prescription opioids fall into one of three broad categories, with the other prescription drugs abused being central nervous system depressants (Xanax, Valium, and Klonopin) and stimulants (Adderall, Concerta, and Ritalin).

Several factors contribute to the severity of America’s current prescription drug addiction and abuse problem. These factors have helped create the “environmental availability” of prescription drugs, particularly opioids. These factors include:

  • Increases in the number of prescriptions written
  • Aggressive marketing by pharmaceutical companies
  • Greater social acceptance for using prescription medications

The Cold, Hard Drug Facts

The total number of opioid painkillers prescribed in the U.S. have increased over the last 25 Oxycodoneyears. In 1991, only 76 million prescriptions of hydrocodone and oxycodone were written. Zoom in to 2015, there were 207 million hydrocodone and oxycodone prescriptions written in America. This accounts for around 90% of the world’s hydrocodone scripts and 81% of oxycodone scripts.

Based on data from NIDA, emergency departments (EDs or ERs) are dispensing more prescription pain medicines also. In 2008, the number of visits for nonmedical use of opioid analgesics increased to 306,000 up from 145,000 in 2004 (that’s 156,000 more visits per year).Overdose deaths related to prescription painkillers have tripled in the last two decades, with 16,650 in 2010 alone. By 2002, death certificates listing opioid poisoning as the cause of death were more common than cocaine or heroin.

Crushing, Snorting, Injecting, and Combining

Opioid prescription drugs, as well as stimulants and benzodiazepines, can be crushed and snorted for a faster “high.” Certain pure drugs, like morphine or oxycodone, can be mixed with water and injected into the veins. These drugs are more dangerous when snorted or injected. In addition, the drugs can be combined with alcohol for a stronger, more intense euphoria.

Rural Americans have turned visiting the doctor into hillbilly gold, as doctor shopping, obtaining scripts to sell, and visiting random ERs has become a common thing. More than 100 million people have chronic pain in the U.S., but for many of these people, the drugs are stolen, sold, or misused. Experts have long debated the use of prescription opioids for chronic pain relief. Because the problem has become an epidemic, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has developed specific prescribing guidelines for doctors to follow.

Pacific Bay Recovery offers top prescription drug rehab in San Diego with success rates that are very high. Most insurance is accepted, call us today!

Hooked: Statistics on Prescription Narcotic Use/Abuse

America is “hooked.” Not on soda pop. Not on daytime TV. Not even on phonics. Americans are starting to use prescription narcotics at increased rates, up 400% over the last 10 years. These drugs include painkillers, stimulants, benzodiazepines, and barbiturates.

Hook, Line, and a Sinking America

In the U.S., 2,500 youth ages 12 to 17 abuse a prescription pain medicine for the first time. Prescription drug use is more prevalent in the U.S. than other countries. In America, more Oxycodonethan 15 million people abuse prescription drugs each year, which is more than all other drugs combined. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, in 2015, more than 2.6 million Americans abused prescription drugs for the first time.

According to a 2007 survey, 3.3% of 12- to 17-year olds used or abused a prescription drug during the past 30 days. Of those aged 18- to 25-year old, 6% reported using a prescription drug in the past month. Prescription drug abuse also caused a large percentage of deaths in America, based on 2005 statistics. Of the 22,400 drug overdose deaths, 38% were related to opioid painkillers.

Teenage Wasteland

America is becoming a teenage wasteland, according to statistics from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH). In 2005, 4,4 million teens in the U.S. admitted to using prescription opioid painkillers. In addition, 2.3 million teens reported that they took a prescription stimulant, such as Adderall or Ritalin. Another 2.2 million youth admitted to abusing over-the-counter cough syrup, many trying it as young as 13 years of age.

In a U.S survey, almost 50% of teens reported that they thought prescription drugs were safer than illegal street drugs. Around 65% of teens surveyed said that they found prescription drugs in their families’ home medicine cabinets. The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University found that teens who abuse prescription drugs were twice as likely to drink alcohol, and were five times more likely to smoke marijuana. In addition, teens who start taking prescription drugs are 20 times more likely to turn to heroin, cocaine, and Ecstasy.

Dying to Be High

dual diagnosis treatmentAccording to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, opioids, depressants, and antidepressants are responsible for 45% of all overdose deaths. Prescription stimulants and cocaine account for 39% of all overdose deaths in the U.S. Also, in America, the most overdose deaths occur in inner cities in Black neighborhoods, but overdose deaths are on the rise in White rural communities. Of the 1.4 million drug-related hospital ER admissions in 2005, almost 600,000 were associated with prescription narcotics.

In 2007, the powerful prescription narcotic fentanyl killed more than 1,000 people, according to the Drug Enforcement Agency. This drug is 50 times more powerful than heroin, and 100 times more deadly. People are stealing it from cancer patients, pharmacies, and hospitals, and chewing the gel lining that is supposed to be time-released when applied to the skin.

Most Commonly Abused Prescription Narcotics

The number one most commonly abused prescription narcotic is the opioid drugs, such as oxycodone, hydrocodone, morphine, and hydromorphone. These drugs are usually given after a major injury or surgery, but are also prescribed for chronic pain. Another commonly abused prescription drug class is the central nervous system depressants, which are called tranquilizers or sedatives (Xanax, Valium, Seconal, and Neurontin). When taken with alcohol, CNS depressants can lead to overdose deaths due to respiratory depression.

In a study conducted at the University of Michigan, hydrocodone (Vicodin) was the top prescription drug abused among high schoolers. This study found that it represented 8% of all drugs used, but stimulants rated at 6.5%. Teens have access to stimulants, because they are often given in this age group for attention deficit disorder (ADD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). These drugs, when abused, produced a high, but they also lead to rapid heart rate, high blood pressure, and major anxiety.

Pacific Bay Recovery offers first rate treatment for prescription drug abuse at a top notch facility in San Diego. Success rates are impressive, with long term success being over 80%! Call us today for your best option for prescription drug rehab in Southern California.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2017). Therapeutic drug use. Retrieved from:

National Institute on Drug Abuse (2017). Drug-related hospital emergency room visits. Retrieved from:

National Institute on Drug Abuse (2017). Nationwide trends. Retrieved from:

Medical Marijuana: A Safer Solution to Opioids?

Drug overdose is a major problem in the United States. Illicit and prescription drug abuse have plagued our country for years, and now, the statistics apply to professional athletes. In a recent survey of more than 150 NFL players, use of chemical opioids was extremely common and encouraged by some league physicians. The addiction qualities of opioid painkillers are basically a Russian Roulette for some pain sufferers, however.

The Problem

Opioids are a class of drugs that include prescription pain relievers and heroin. These drugs act on the opioid receptors in the brain to produce a pleasurable effect along with pain relief. More than 20 million Americans had some type of substance use disorder in 2015, and opioid addiction is causing many overdose deaths. The opioid overdose death rate in 2008 was four times what it was in 1999, and there were 20,000 deaths due to prescription opioids in 2015 alone.

According to the 2017 survey involving current and former NFL players, 91% said they had taken an opiate-based pain reliever. In addition, almost half of those surveyed said they felt pressure by teammates, staff, and even team doctors to use a chemical substance for pain. Many players admitted to recreational use of opioids after they first took them by prescription.

The Cause

Opioids are the fastest and strongest form of pain management available to NFL players. The NFL physicians can injection painkillers directly to the affected region for quick pain relief, which permits the player to go right back to the field. These opioids have a laundry list of side effects, however. They can cause dizziness, confusion, nausea, vomiting, and respiratory depression. In addition, they are extremely addictive, with 70% of NFL players reporting being concerned to an unhealthy dependence on the drugs.

In 2012, the NFL Players Association had an injury data analysis conducted. They found that there was an increase of 1,302 total injuries from 2010 to 2011. In 2011 alone, there were 4,493 minor injuries in the NFL, which included the start of training camp through the Super Bowl. In addition, there was a 17% increase in moderate injuries, which means the player was out of action for 8-21 days.  

An Alternative Solution

The nation’s largest medical marijuana online marketplace,, conducted a lengthy study regarding NFL players and opioid addiction potential. The study evolved after the marketplace’s CEO, Brad McLaughlin, was notified of the problem by former NFL player Marvin Washington. According to the report, Washington is an advocated for a safer form of pain management: use of medical marijuana. Washington believes professional football players could benefit from the unique compounds found in marijuana, which protect the brain against pain and inflammation.

According to the NFL survey, 89% of NFL players felt that medical marijuana was a safe alternative to treating injury pain. These players said that fewer chemical opioids would be used if they had access to medical marijuana. According to authorities, this would call for major policy reform within the league. The NFLPA plans to make medical cannabis a priority in the future, however.

Pacific Bay Recovery offers top rehab in Southern California for prescription and illicit drugs. Success rates are very high and most insurance is accepted, call  us today!


Alternet (2017). Recent Poll Shows NFL Players Are Increasingly Concerned About Opioid Use and Addiction. Retrieved from:

American Society of Addiction Medicine (2016). Opioid Addiction. Retrieved from:

90-Day Treatment Plan for Addiction in San Diego

This is a longer term commitment for those heavily addicted to drug and/ or alcohol who may need more time to get sober from their years of long term abuse of alcohol and drugs. These addicts have developed habits that they need to learn how to break and re-learn new healthy ones to replace them with the assistancealcohol rehab san diego  from the addiction professionals and counselors in the program to teach you how to stay clean and sober for the long term life recovery.

Most all 90 day plans have an inpatient or outpatient program but the inpatient programs have a higher chance of success.  Most outpatients plans are designed for the addicted individual who cannot leave there current obligations for this extended amount of time.

The longer plan is designed for the recovering drug addict or alcoholic to build a long term foundation for their life being sober. Many that have failed with sobriety and relapsed during the 30 and 60 day plans may choose this plan to continue learning other skills they did not get in the shorter plans like coping, refining social skills, developing meaningful relationships without the addiction.

Alcohol RecoveryThe 90 days treatment begins much like the 30 and 60 day treatments of intense detox, relieving the body of the toxins to bring the person back to the normal levels while getting the unhealthy chemicals out that could take up to two weeks.  This is done in a medically supervised environment by professionals to ensure that everyone is safe in case any side effects arise. After detox the rehabilitation begins with individual and group therapy sessions, this will be the communication and sharing the events that one has experienced. 

This also helps to communicate with others in the same position or maybe further along the treatment program to validate that this is not just happening to the addict.  In therapy, an addict will learn new skills to cope with their daily life issues using different types of therapies to help the addict physically and mentally and spiritually.  These therapies could be yoga therapy, sometimes this includes learning to have meditation time, yoga therapy helps with the mind and body to a line together. 

The 90 day plans will have you living on site while going through their treatment plans much like in the 60 day treatment plan. The addict will attend individual and group therapy sessions by trained substance abuse counselors who will teach you the Addiction Treatment Centerskills of recognizing and dealing with the triggers or situations.  Learn how to avoid them and recognize the ones that might lead you to a relapse. In group therapy sessions you will get support from others with addiction and who are going through the same daily challenges that you are dealing with.  This can involve some family sessions where the addict and the family members will learn how to trust each other again. The addict and family members will learn how to express their feelings and thoughts on a healthy level by including them in the recovery process.

Most all plans have different approaches but will include many of these method IGT integrated group therapy deals with the addicts that might have two problems one physical like addiction and behavioral like bipolar disordering a group setting. Some will use the 12 step program methods and /or scientific methods.

The 90 day treatment plan is the usual plans most addicts choose who are addicted to cocaine, heroin, alcohol, etc. This inpatient plan helps addicts to have hands on time with the medical and therapeutic staff 24 hours a day for 90 days.  These addictions did not occur overnight so learning new skills to not fall back into doing drugs or drink alcohol by learning more coping skills to add to their arsenal to live a sober and drug free life takes time, to become a normal skill or decision to choose on a daily basis.  90 days is a lifestyle change.

Pacific Bay Recovery offers top treatment for addiction in San Diego, including all types of substance abuse. Whether it’s prescription or illicit drug abuse, or alcohol, the treatment center provides compassionate, effective treatment that works well a vast majority of the time. Call us today for a free consultation to learn more!


Facts on Drug Rehab Treatment from a San Diego Addiction Treatment Center

Drug addiction, in most cases, goes untreated. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) National Survey on Drug and Health, 9.4 percent of the US population aged12 or older had to be treated for drug or Detox Center San Diegoalcohol abuse problem in 2007. Of those people surveyed, 2.4 million individuals (10.4 percent) needed treatment or received treatment at a specialty rehabilitation (rehab) center by addiction professionals.

Therefore, 20.8 million people (8.4 percent of the US population 12 or older) needed to be treated for a drug or alcohol abuse problem and probably didn’t receive it. This survey is available online at and from NIDA at 877-643-2644.

Addiction – A Treatable Disease

Addiction is a treatable disease that affects the body and brain in many ways. All treatments aren’t for every person, so you must be assessed by addiction professionals on a continuing basis to make sure the treatment is working for you. However, treatment might need to be changed, depending on how you are responding. You may require therapy that is both medical and psychological, depending how you are doing. For most people that are addicted, they just can’t stop using because they want to. They will not feel good until the drugs are out of the system and the brain and body quits craving the substance.

Because of these drug cravings, some treatments professionals use legal medications to help with the process for the individual who is addicted to make them better without feeling sick. The drug detoxification (detox) treatment process does work for individuals who seek out treatment and stick to the plan can change. However, this process usually is long and hard. alcohol rehab san diego Relapse is inevitable in the beginning, but the main factor of success is to get right back on track with your treatment when relapse occurs Re-teaching oneself to do something different is hard when you have engaged in negative behavior for such a long time. You many slip up many times, but you need to stay the road and continue treatment for many years before you are better, especially when the life you led for a long time was centered on finding drugs and putting them into the body.

Costs of Drug Abuse

Substance abuse costs the U.S. $510 billion dollars each year, and these costs are related to specialty alcohol and drug services, medical consequences, lost productivity due to illness and injury, and legal costs. Research shows that for every dollar spent on prevention and early treatment programs, two to ten dollars could be saved in health costs, criminal and juvenile justice costs, educational costs, and lost productivity.

Treatment has been shown scientifically to help addicted patients of drugs abuse to avoiding relapse and recover their lives. What people learn during rehab treatment is to stay clear of drugs or alcohol by building positive healthy habits that help a person cope so they don’t relapse. Recovery is a long road, but it is possible.

Pacific Bay Recovery offers the best addiction treatment in San Diego. This includes all types of substance abuse such as alcohol, prescription drugs and illicit drugs as well. Call us today for help!


U.S. Department of Health and Human Services National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Drug Facts: Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction. Retrieved from:

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (2014). Justification of Estimates for Appropriations Committee. Retrieved from:


What Surgeries are associated with Chronic Opioid Use?

Chronic opioid use contributes to the economic burden related to health care. Not much is known about what increases a person’s risk for opioid use or the potential risk factors for chronic use. Researchers have found that certain surgical procedures can increase the risk for narcotic pain medication usage.

The Opioid Abuse Epidemic

Pain relievers became plentiful in the 1990s, and during that time, drug overdose death rates in the United Drug Rehab San DiegoStates grew. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), since the 90s, overdose deaths related to drugs have more than tripled. In America, 78 people die every day from opioid overdose.

According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), there were 137 million prescriptions of hydrocodone written in 2011 alone, and 5 million people in America admit to using opioid pain relievers. Of the users of pain medicine, 17% admit that they do not use the medicines for a medical purpose. The majority of overdose deaths occur in patients who are given prescriptions from their doctors, which are based on medical guidelines.

Results from a Recent Clinical Study

Researchers at Stanford University Medical School in California recently conducted a research study and found a link between common surgical procedures and increased use of opioid drugs. According to the study, patients who had never taken opioid pain relievers were at an increased risk for use of these drugs after surgery. Those who were at an increased risk for chronic use of narcotic pain medicine included:

  • Men
  • Older people
  • Persons with a history of substance abuse or depression

According to the lead author of the study, Eric Sun MD PhD, the patients were not using opioids before their surgery, but after a year, many had become chronic users. The study was based on evaluation of over 640,000 opioid-naïve surgical patients and more than 18 million opioid-naïve nonsurgical patients. In the study, chronic opioid use was defined as filling 10 or more prescriptions or using a 120-day supply of pain medicine in the first year following surgery. For nonsurgical patients, chronic opioid use is filling 10 or more prescriptions of more than 120 days’ supply after the surgery date.

Surgeries associated with Chronic Opioid Use

There were 11 common surgeries associated with chronic opioid use:

  • Total knee arthroplasty
  • Total hip arthroplastyknee replacement
  • Laparoscopic cholecystectomy
  • Open cholecystectomy
  • Laparoscopic appendectomy
  • Open appendectomy
  • Functional endoscopic sinus surgery
  • Cataract surgery
  • Cesarean delivery
  • Simple mastectomy
  • Transurethral prostate resection

According to the recent study, the incidence of chronic opioid use ranged from 0.12% for cesarean delivery to 1.4% for total knee arthroplasty. The baseline increase incidence for nonsurgical patients was 0.14%. The authors also found that the patients were usually between the ages of 18 and 64 years of age. Odds ratios in the study ranged from 1.28 for Cesarean delivery to 5.10 for total knee arthroplasty.

Addiction Statistics

  • Medicaid enrollees receive pain medicine prescriptions at twice the rate of those persons without Medicaid.
  • Around 80% of pain relievers are prescribe by 20% of doctors.
  • Prescribed medicines account for most overdose incidence.
  • Between 2000 and 2010, sales for opioids to hospitals, pharmacies, and doctors increased fourfold.
  • In 2009, abuse of pain medicines accounted from 475,000 emergency department visits.


Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2016). Opioid drugs. Retrieved from:

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Sun EC, Darnell B, Baker LC et al. (2015). Incidence of and Risk Factors for Chronic Opioid Use Among Opioid-Naive Patients in the Postoperative Period. JAMA Int Med. Published online July 11, 2016. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.3298