Call today to schedule your free and confidential consultation.

(858) 263-9700

Call today to schedule your free and confidential consultation.

(858) 263-9700


Alcohol Detox

Alcohol Dependence VS Alcohol Abuse – What is the Difference?

Late nights partying at the club – is ok, every now and again.  Going to the occasional dinner gathering or holiday event, where alcohol is overconsumed, perfectly fine.  Binging daily or making it a continuous habit, not so cool.  This type of dangerous behavior could possibly turn deadly.  Alcohol is cunning, baffling and powerful and it is out to destroy.  It does not discriminate, care what your socioeconomic status is, the size of your family or chosen profession.

Let’s define what alcohol dependence VS alcohol abuse is:

Being dependent on an alcoholic drink, both psychologically and physically.  According to the DSM – 5, in 2013, it was reclassified as alcoholism

Once you take the first drink, you cannot stop.  You are unable to put your drink down and you are powerless over the magical liquid. You are drinking to get drunk, every single day.

Alcoholism has you telling yourself you will quit soon, but you are unable to.  For example, you mark days off on the calendar of when you will give up, the day arrives, and you cannot fathom life without a drink.

Your family and close friends notice your behavior is erratic and your life is unmanageable.

Individuals who regularly are dependent on alcohol have consciously chose to pattern themselves in disengaging full responsibility in all areas of their lives.

Often, we will see dependents significantly increase the amount of alcohol they purchase and drink, they will drink for extended periods of time and behaviors are unpredictable.

According to Alcoholics Anonymous, you might be classified as an alcoholic if you can honestly answer YES to at least four or five of the following questions http://www.aa.org/pages/en_US/is-aa-for-you-twelve-questions-only-you-can-answer.

Alcoholism:  the disease that makes you too selfish to see the havoc you created and care about the people you shattered. quotesgram.com

Alcohol abuse is commonly referred to as consuming way too much, too frequently.  You are off to the races, but you can stop after ten, even if you do not pass out.  You probably bask in the euphoria of drinking 4-5, nightly, most days of the week.

Alcohol is probably the easiest substance to abuse because the potential is there.  It’s legal, and it’s available. – Lance Penny, QuoteHD.com

Alcohol not only destroys us, it hurts people we lovingly care about, in the grueling process.  Sometimes an intervention is necessary when an alcoholic has hit rock bottom.  Our team at Pacific Bay Recovery standby to assist you and your family.

Trained, compassionate and successful healthcare experts want to guide you on your path to recovery.  You are welcome to visit our website for additional information and to ask questions https://www.pacificbayrecovery.com/.

We encourage you to seek treatment with the help of caring specialists.  Our facility is different than any other rehab center because you are not just a number with us.  Each person that checks in to our treatment center is designed a special protocol, tailored to your individual recovery needs!

Remember, one day at a time and do not quit five minutes before your miracle.  We want you to live a life of optimal wellness but that means you will face difficult challenges and you must learn to never give up!

Alcohol Dependence vs Abuse: When is drinking too much and when is drinking an addiction?

Maybe you had a crazy night out with friends, fueled by many alcoholic drinks. Maybe you attended a party and consumed so much alcohol you don’t remember anything. If something like this happens more than once, is it a problem? Does drinking like this lead to addiction? What is alcohol dependence versus alcohol abuse?

 

Searching for answers to these questions or reaching out for support should never be discouraged. Pacific Bay Recovery Drug Treatment Center can help, www.pacificbayrecovery.com. Thanks to significant advances, there are a variety of treatment methods, and Pacific Bay Recovery Treatment Center can create a plan to treat both the body and the mind.

 

How Much Can You Drink?

Many adults drink moderately, without complications. Recent research even touts modest health benefits from alcohol consumption. For women, low-risk drinking is defined as no more than three drinks a day, not to exceed more than seven drinks per week. For men, it is no more than four drinks a day, with no more than 14 drinks per week.

An estimated 16.6 million Americans have Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD

When is Drinking Dependence or Abuse?

An estimated 16.6 million Americans have Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD), which includes a range of mild, moderate and severe alcohol problems. AUD is identified by compulsive alcohol use, loss of control over drinking alcohol, and a negative emotional state when not drinking.

According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) There are several questions to ask to determine when to seek help:

 

  • Experienced drinking more or for extended periods of time than intended?
  • Tried to stop drinking or cut down, without success?
  • Experienced a strong need to drink?
  • Spent a great deal of time seeking relief from the aftereffects?
  • Has drinking, or becoming sick from drinking, interfered with taking care of home or family, or caused job or school problems?
  • Continued to drink even though it caused trouble with family or friends?
  • Skipped activities, or reduced participation in things important to you or that gave you pleasure, to drink?
  • Experienced unsafe situations more than once while or after drinking (such as driving, swimming, using machinery, walking in dangerous areas, or having unsafe sex)?
  • Increased drinking to achieve desired effects or found the usual number of drinks less effective than before?
  • Continued to drink even when depressed or anxious, or adding to another health problem or after experiencing a memory blackout?
  • When the effects of alcohol wear off, experienced withdrawal symptoms, such as trouble sleeping, shakiness, irritability, anxiety, depression, restlessness, nausea, or sweating, or even sensed things that were not there?

If you have any of these symptoms, this may be a cause for concern. The more symptoms you experience, the more urgent the need is to change.

A health professional at Pacific Bay Recovery Drug Treatment Center,  www.pacificbayrecovery.com, can provide a formal assessment of your symptoms. Ultimately, receiving treatment improves chances of success and provides a better path to enjoy life.

Sources:

https://www.niaaa.nih.gov/news-events/news-releases/niaaa-recognizes-alcohol-awareness-month-2015

https://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/overview-alcohol-consumption/alcohol-use-disorders

Systematic and Medically Supervised Withdrawal from a Drug

Medically supervised withdrawal from a drug, also referred to as detoxification, is the first step in substance abuse treatment programs and it involves the removal of these toxic products from the bloodstream.

An indicator of addiction to a substance is the onset of withdrawal symptoms when trying to remove the drugs from the body. These can range from mild to severe in nature, and there are situations which can be life-threatening depending on the drug used as well as the level of dependency and the method of intake.

Withdrawal symptoms can be both psychological and physical and abruptly stopping the offending drug is usually not suggested. Therefore, medically assisted detoxification is recommended to prevent patients experiencing unwanted withdrawal effects.

assisted or Supervised Withdrawal

Medically Assisted Withdrawal

Medically assisted detoxification is accomplished in a controlled facility which is supervised by healthcare professionals 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Some patients may need to be weaned down from the drugs they are using in order to slowly get the product in their system down to nothing, and others may require being prescribed other medications in order to manage withdrawal symptoms and cravings.

The patients most likely to require medically assisted withdrawal include those who are addicted to drugs such as:

  • Prescription opioids
  • Heroin
  • Alcohol
  • Benzodiazepines

Prescription Opioids and Heroin

Prescription opioid addiction is a public health emergency currently in the United States with over 40 Americans dying from opioid overdoses every day in the country. In 2012 alone, over 2 million Americans over the age of 12 were addicted to these medications and another near 500,000 people were addicted to heroin. Heroin is also an opioid but an illegal one.

Opioid addiction needs to be managed medically since withdrawing from these drugs causes uncomfortable symptoms and signs such as:

  • Excessive sweating with intermittent chills
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Generalized muscle aches and pains
  • Restlessness
  • Agitation
  • Sleeping disturbances
  • Depression
  • Irritability
  • Anxiety

Patients addicted to prescription opioids are usually managed by gradually reducing the dose of the drug until it has worked out completely from their bodies. Heroin is managed differently in that methadone is dispensed to these patients to take over the effects caused by the drug. The methadone is then gradually tapered down until it can be stopped.

Medications such as buprenorphine and buprenorphine combined with naloxone are also used to help treat opioid addiction and dependency.

Alcohol

Suddenly stopping the intake of alcohol in someone who has a severe dependency on this product can be life-threatening.

A condition known as delirium tremens (DT) can develop as a result of alcohol withdrawal and may present with the following symptoms and signs:

  • Agitation
  • Fevers
  • Confusion
  • Hallucinations
  • Seizures

In order to avoid these severe conditions, medically assisted withdrawal from alcohol is often necessary and entails the use of medications such as benzodiazepines. Mineral and vitamin supplementation may also be prescribed to replace those lost as a result of excessive alcohol use.

Benzodiazepines

These drugs do have their place in treating anxiety and sleep disorders but there are patients who become dependent on them and need help to remove them from their system.

Benzodiazepine withdrawal is performed in a similar fashion to that of opioid withdrawal in that the dosage of the medication is tapered down until it is completely metabolized by the body and completely removed from the patient’s bloodstream.

Patients addicted to short-acting benzodiazepines are prescribed longer-acting ones during medically managed withdrawal in order to reduce the chance of potential side effects.

How to Detox Your Liver From Alcohol Without 30 Day Rehab Programs

Detox Your Liver From AlcoholIn the past few years, more and more scrutiny has been placed on America’s addiction to short rehab programmes. Countless articles have why the current 30-day trend is outdated, expensive and has poor rates of return. Some estimate that only 10% of addicts going into a 30-day rehab programme will stay sober.  In an interview with Slate magazine, one Outpatient clinic owner noted: “You don’t treat a chronic illness with 30 days of intensive rehab – that’s absurd”. He’s got a point. The real question is what’s the solution? Luckily there are other options on how to detox your liver from alcohol.

 

Symptoms of Detox

Detox can be a painful process. Not only are symptoms of withdrawal severe and often very unpleasant, chronic alcohol abuse and addiction is a long built habit that takes time, effort and a certain amount of skill to break. The most obvious negative to alcohol detox is the withdrawal symptoms. Patients get a number of symptoms including:

  • Irritability
  • Anxiety
  • Nightmares
  • Fatigue
  • Sweating
  • Shaking
  • Hallucinations
  • Confusions
  • Seizures
  • Death

That final one is the biggest takeaway. Detox can be dangerous. In some ways, the 30-day alcohol detox rehab programme made sense when it was first invented. Get the addict safely off alcohol without some of the more severe side effects and back to their family sober. But the more we learn about addiction the more we learn this just doesn’t work. Here’s why:

  • Addiction isn’t just withdrawal. Whilst addicts don’t want to stop because they fear the withdrawal – this isn’t the only reason they are addicted.
  • Old habits die hard. How long does it take to make or break a habit? If you took up a new hobby would 30 days of doing that hobby count as a new habit? No. People take much longer, up to 90 days to make habits.
  • Addiction takes time to open up to. Often 30 days isn’t long enough to build trusting therapeutic relationships with the staff at these clinics
  • The addicts don’t want to be there. It’s no surprise that family members and loved ones want alcoholics to seek help. But often convincing them to go to a 30-day programme won’t be enough. They have to make a long-term commitment to change and signing up to 30 days isn’t a big enough commitment. Longer treatments take dedication and real willpower – the exact characteristics an alcoholic needs to overcome their addiction.

 

Unrealistic Expectations – Outpatient or Longer Stays are the Only Way

As we’ve seen – 30-day alcohol detox programs aren’t working. The success rates are low, sometimes lower than 10% completing and continuing the programme. There are, however, a number of solutions. One alternative is longer residential programmes. Those deeply ingrained habits, that have years and years of history are far more likely to be broken by much longer stays, perhaps 3 or more months. Many recovery practices do offer this service and it typically has a much higher rate of success (up to 2 or 3X higher than the best 30-day programmes). Another option is outpatient recovery, with skilled doctors prescribing the best medications to guide a person through the process and stop dangerous withdrawal. In fact, studies have shown for all substance abuse, including alcohol, that longer stays in rehab simply work better.

 

 

Learning New Habits in Quitting Alcohol and Drugs

Let’s face it, quitting alcohol and drugs, is very hard or everyone would be doing it. To kick a habit, a person goes through withdrawals, suffers depression, and has severe mood changes. What you do during these times is critical to your health and recovery. Knowing the habits that caused addiction will help, and learning new healthy habits is the best way to say goodbye to drugs and/or alcohol for good.

Quitting Alcohol and DrugsJournaling

Some people keep a diary of how they are feeling with times and dates when the worst urges come and go so they can track their behavior and find other things to do during these difficult times. This is called journaling. Some activities that become new habits include taking walks, riding bikes, or even swimming down at you favorite swimming hole. Whatever you do, you must not fall prey to the urges and fall back into the pitfall that is drugs and alcohol, such as pouring a drink to calm yourself instead take that walk in the fresh air until the urge subsides. Instead, take a long bike ride with your kids and have some fun exploring the neighborhood again.

Journaling is a way to discover what works and what doesn’t, how long it took before your urge left your mind, and what makes you go back to your happy place. Everyone must find out what works for them, as each addict has unique triggers and habits. By not giving up and experimenting with other options, rather than drugs and alcohol, you will be on your way to staying drug- and alcohol-free.

intensive outpatient treatment Make a List of Reasons to Quit

Another way of learning new habits is making a list for yourself of reasons you are quitting drugs and alcohol. Make goals for yourself that you can accomplish and place this list somewhere you can see it, such in your wallet or on your nightstand to view when you wake up in the first thing that morning. When you get those urges to use drugs and/or alcohol, read the list and give your mind the positive reasons you are doing this and exchange the bad habits with good ones. Experts advise us that it takes the mind 21 days of repetitive positive change before it becomes a new habit. Don’t worry, those urges will fade with time, and you will be one step closer to your goals.

Celebrate Recovery

Remember to celebrate your daily recovery, as there will be good days as well as the bad ones. There are going to be days when life is good, and there will be those days when everything reminds you of your old habits. This is perfectly normal as, of course, we are all only human. You must realize both types of days are quite dangerous, so don’t get overly confident that you have the beast under control. Always know addiction is deep inside of you waiting for a reason to jump out and take back control over you. Understanding that you are a recovering addict for life and living each day away from you drug or alcohol addictions brings you closer to a full and productive recovery.

Facts on Alcohol and Drug Detox from a San Diego Addiction Center

Many people go through detoxification (detox), whether it is related to alcohol or drugs. It is a fact you can die from alcohol detox, due to the lack of the alcohol chemical the body has been used to for some time. Going through this alcohol detox, canstockphoto43350234around 5 percent of all heavy alcoholics will die. This is significant number, especially considering that 2.5 million alcoholics seek substance abuse treatment each year in America alone.

Drug detox some great findings would be 70 percent is the highest among patients discharged from hospital residential treatment center, detox at 67% and short term residential treatments follows at 59%.  The treatment competition rates were much lower in long term and or less structured settings at 44% and outpatient came in at 40%.

     Differences between Alcohol and Drug Detox

With these statistics in mind, we need to now look at the difference between alcohol and drug detoxification. The two processes are similar but different in the actual way they are conducted by centers. Both can be done at a residential facility where the patient is detoxed in a few days and under medical supervision.

In some cases, detox is done with medical prescription drugs to help with the withdrawal symptoms. These withdrawal symptoms include seizures, headaches, physical shakes, depression, emotional mood swings, outbursts, fatigue, and a heart attack. The differences with the detox between alcohol and drugs would involve the approach of the treatments, as well as the method used by the counselor who gives you therapy and counseling. 

Drug Detox San DiegoThe cravings and triggers for drugs and alcohol are different, so the therapy and coping skills are taught and presented differently to the individuals and to the groups. Drug detox will get rid of all the toxins in your body that accumulate from the drugs. This helps your body adjust slowly back to normal. Detox will also get rid of the alcohol toxins, as well, but you have to be aware that by medically detoxing doesn’t come without side effects. Some individuals who take methadone and Suboxone never stop taking the drug, or they completely relapse to their drug of choice. So, choosing the right treatment and center is crucial to your success.

Holistic Detox Approach

Some success in drug and alcohol abuse has been seen by centers taking a holistic approach to detoxification. These facilities use programs that exercise regiments, nutritional programs, and saunas, as sweating the toxins from the body naturally freeing the toxins from the body. After completing the holistic approach to detox, many patients report that they have reduced cravings for drugs. They feel happier, are more alert, and think clearer, giving them a stronger will to continue the next steps in the rehab program and getting on their way to a happier healthier drug free life without addiction.

Pacific Bay Recovery offers exceptional drug and alcohol detox programs along with rehab programs that are effective and long lasting. Call us today to find out about the best addiction treatment center in San Diego!

Resources

DrugsRehabs.info  (2014). Alcohol Information and detox facts and myths. Retrieved from: http:www.drugrehabs.info/alcohol-info-and-resources/alcohol-      detox-facts-and-myths/

SAMHSA (2014). A Life in the community for everyone . Retrieved from: http:www.samhsa.gov/samhsanewletter/Volume_17_Number_4/TreatmentDischarges.aspx

Drug Detox Rehab: What you need to Know

Drug detoxification (detox) is one of the most difficult rehab programs to go through. It is physically demanding, you’ll likely be rather sick for a few days, and in some cases, you could have permanent damage. Keep in mind that this is a long journey and you were strong enough to walk through the door; so don’t let fear of feeling pain or stress stop you from succeeding.

The Detox ProcessAlcohol Detox San Diego

This is the hardest part of this type of rehab program. Your body has to naturally remove the drug or drugs from your system. What this means is that you may suffer from tremors, physical illness, severe depression, body cramping, and mood swings. The first part of recovery is the worst part, and you’ll get through it because support and guidance is right there. Once you get through the detox phase, the rest is smooth sailing in comparison to those moments.

Possible Medication

For those with serious addictions to methamphetamine, heroin, or crack cocaine, the staff may give you medication, such as methadone, to help you with the physical pain and mental distress that comes from using these strong drugs. The body becomes dependent on these strong drugs and medications are made to help the body through these tough processes. You won’t have to be on them forever, it is just temporary. This helps you to wean yourself off of the drugs, although in an abrupt way, without losing control of your mental function.

Talking about your Personal DemonsAlcohol Recovery

There is a real reason as to why you started using drugs. Perhaps it was stress from work, feelings of inadequacy, or a personal tragedy. These demons have to be set free so that you can ease your mind and realize that it was a poor decision and there are other ways of coping with these things. It is important to talk about your demons, no matter how hard it is. Part of rehabilitation (rehab) is working on you, not just the addiction. It helps you release these negative thoughts and feelings and learn how to deal with them in real life situations.

Accepting the Program

Most drug addicts entering detox rehab programs are very resistant to treatment. Denial is a tough phase to get through. Once you’ve passed the actual detox portion, you will feel better physically and emotionally. This helps you recognize the problem and allows you to accept the help available. Programs are structured differently with every facility. It is important to listen to your counselors, talk with others, and listen to their stories. It’s a big wake-up call, and you’ll be grateful for it in the end.

Although this is a hard program to get through, you’ll be healthier after the program is complete. Pacific Bay Recovery in San Diego offers a safe and effective detox program along with residential and PHP options for drug and alcohol rehab. Call us today!

What to Expect during Alcohol Rehab in San Diego

Alcoholism is a difficult disease to battle. Making the decision to enter treatment, whether it is on your own or because family members have expressed concern is a step in the right direction. You must be patient with this process, it takes time but you will be able to go through life without alcohol after attending rehab. Provided below is a bit of information regarding what you can expect while in alcohol rehab.
Detoxing
Upon entering treatment, the detoxification (detox) process begins. This means that you will likely feel a little shaky, and you may even become nauseated and irritable. It is normal to feel this way. During the detox process feelings of depression and confusion are also likely. Those with severe alcohol addiction may even experience cold sweats. Keep in mind that this is normal, and it is only temporary. You’ll begin to feel better soon. While in a rehab facility, you will have the guidance and support that you need to get through this phase of recovery.
Alcoholism Education
Once the detox process is over, the education regarding the disease and how to overcome it begins. You will learn how the body learns to depend on alcohol and how the brain reacts. You’ll also learn about the internal damage that alcohol does to the body with excessive drinking. Counselors work individually with patients in order to discuss the reasons why they started drinking heavily and how it has affected their quality of life. Education is important, because without it, alcoholics cannot understand the reasons why this “disease” has taken over their lives.
Group Therapy
Group therapy sessions help those in rehab to talk with each other and about their personal stories and feelings. In some settings, patients are grouped by the severity of their alcoholism, whereas in others, they are grouped by their progress in rehab. It is beneficial for those in alcohol rehab to hear what others have dealt with and how it has affected their lives.
Family Therapy and Aftercare
It is important to get your family involved with therapy during your aftercare. It is vital that the family gets to talk through their hurt and what they experienced during your periods of drinking. Part of the healing process for you and them is talking through all of this and working on forgiveness. Aftercare programs help you to continue on your road to recovery. You’ll have support when your triggers bring you back to the lifestyle you left in order to get healthy, and possibly, save your life.
Rehab programs vary. Different counselors and alcoholism professionals have varying approaches to treating those with the disease. It is important to select a program that is structured for your specific needs and with the best counselors for your situations in life. This is a tough road, but with will-power and the want to get healthy again, you can make it through. You need a strong support system behind you, but continued success is the end goal.

3 Top Facts About Addiction Treatment

drug and alcohol rehab

When a person starts thinking of getting professional help for addiction, they usually fall back upon information from people they know. Unfortunately, a lot of this information may not be true since there are a lot of myths and stigmas around addiction. To help people get the right information, here are 3 facts you must know if you or a loved one needs addiction treatment in San Diego.

ADDICTION TREATMENT WORKS

Some people may tell you that addiction treatment doesn’t work. If you know of a relapse or a case where addiction treatment didn’t work, it does not means that it never does. In fact, hundreds have benefited from San Diego addiction treatment and alcohol treatment and stayed sober thereafter to live productive, happy lives.

DETOX ALONE IS NOT ENOUGH

Detox, although the first and a very important part of San Diego addiction treatment, is not enough by itself. It only rids your body of the abused substance but does nothing to help you afterwards. Inpatient and outpatient treatment programs at San Diego addiction and alcohol treatment help you learn skills to cope with the triggers that caused the addiction. You learn how to cultivate a drug-free lifestyle.

IT IS NOT NECESSARY TO BE RELIGIOUS

Not all addiction treatment programs need you to be religious. All you need is to commit to work with the professionals and therapists towards your own recovery at San Diego addiction treatment.

To understand more about treatment options at San Diego addiction treatment, call 858-263-9700 or visit pacificbayrecovery.com.

The Facts on Getting Sober from a Top San Diego Rehab Center

Sobriety is a long and hard struggle for an alcoholic. It is a lifelong commitment to change your habits and life style. Many alcoholics relapse and get back on the wagon and the road to recovery many times before they get it right. According to Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) studies and reports by their members, success rates on sobriety vary. Detox Center San Diego

Around 31 percent of the members were sober for less than a year, 12 percent were sober for between five and ten years, and finally, 33 percent were sober for 10 years or more. Their study doesn’t have a failure rate but indicates how its members do succeed in long-term sobriety, which average sobriety is about 8 years. AA gauges its success by their motto of “keep coming back.”

Staying sober from drugs or alcohol is tough, and it is a sad fact that most addicts starting the life-changing event of staying sober will fail. However, with the help from family, friends, and therapy, your chances of staying sober increase day to day as long as you have the will to keep trying. Helping others stay sober is a way to reinforce your goals of sobriety, and this behavior is expressed in AA/NA 12-step program. By becoming a sponsor to another person addicted to alcohol or drugs, you can participate in the sobriety of others.

The understanding that if you feel you are relapsing you have the lifeline of another addict, that has gone through those emotions of wanting to quit and how he/she dealt with it and pushed through it. Being able to speak to others on individuals without judgment helps with the guilt of being looked down upon by non addicts that do not understand the addicted mind and continues to help with sobriety.

Tips to Staying Sober

  • Stay away from people and places that remind you of your days of addiction, as they will tempt you to drink or do drugs again.
  • Start associating with people that are positive, healthy, and those that understand you are trying to change. These people will help you stay the course.
  • Reconnect with other friends and family members that you knew before your life of drugs and alcohol.
  • If you find that something is working better for you than what is not, stick with what works, and don’t be stuck doing something that someone says is the only way.
  • Staying busy, as the first few months on your road to sobriety is hard enough without the drugs and alcohol.
  • Get involved in recovery programs and supports networks whether online or in person.

Remember, staying sober from drugs or alcohol does have some benefits. You will enjoy waking up in the morning clear-headed, and you will converse with others rather than babble and look foolish. By feeling energetic and happy, your confidence will grow again. The crutch that has been helping you to cope will disappear and great things will start to happen for you!

Pacific Bay Recovery in San Diego offers top rehab treatment for alcohol and drug abuse with safe medical detox followed by intensive inpatient therapy followed by outpatient support. One of the main reasons people fail is due to lack of support when times get tough. That is where Pacific Bay Recovery stands strong with patients! Call us today for top support for you and your loved one’s needs.

Resources

http//http://luxury.rehabs.com/12-step-programs/aa-success-rates/