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Relapse Prevention

The Addiction of Sniffing Glue

Sniffing glue is a dangerous addiction. Glue is easily available and provides a degree of euphoria (feeling high) that gets people, especially younger individuals (teenagers) hooked. Solvent glue is categorized as an Inhalant, among others including aerosol sprays, cleaners, etc. There are various forms of solvent glues available, such as model glue and rubber cement.

While it might appear to be a casual activity, it can actually be life-threatening. But even if the result isn’t fatal, it can still lead to brain damage and serious lung injury. The degree of bodily harm this addictive behavior inflicts depends on the type of glue used and the frequency and amount of it inhaled. Some of the symptoms that can help identify someone who is sniffing glue include the chemical odor on clothes and breath, rash around the mouth, headaches, dizziness, nausea and vomiting, mood swings and belligerence, decline in thinking skills, concentration, and decision-making ability, loss of interest in normal activities, lack of interest in personal relationships, numbness and tingling in hands and feet, loss of coordination, fatigue, hearing loss, apathy, impaired judgment, and loss of consciousness.

Inhalants have been known to cause various degrees of brain damage
Some of the most significant organ damage that can result from sniffing glue include:

Lung injury: Sniffing glue can lead to acute respiratory failure, which is a potentially fatal condition. It occurs by direct damage to lung tissue by the chemicals in the glue, which then limits the necessary amount of oxygen being absorbed into the blood. If other substances are being used as well, they can further promote lung damage in these users, and lead to irreversible chronic respiratory failure.

Brain damage: Inhalants have been known to cause various degrees of brain damage. The most widely implicated chemicals are toluene and naphthalene, which can damage the myelin sheath, and cause potentially severe and irreversible damage to brain function.

Cardiac injury: Sniffing inhalants can also cause damage to the heart, specifically its electric circuitry. This can lead to an irregular heartbeat, also known as arrhythmia, and can potentially lead to heart failure. There is a condition known as sudden sniffing death syndrome (SSDS), which may occur even after a single use of an inhalant.

In addition to the above, inhalant use can also cause liver and renal damage.

The treatment for inhalant use is emergent. If the user is found to be unconscious, call 911 immediately and remove them from the toxic environment they were found in. The focus of the emergent treatment is to get the person to be stable, followed by rehab therapy. Rehab therapy is focused on identifying factors that led to the use of inhalants, and help address any underlying causes, such as mental health disorders. While the acute rehab treatment is inpatient, the patient is switched to an outpatient setting once stable enough. It should be followed by relapse prevention programs and support groups to help the recovered patient stay away from the conditions that lead to inhalant use through continued support.

Preventing Relapse with Drug and Alcohol Abuse

The Facts of Relapse Prevention

Feeling good about yourself during the days, weeks, and months of recovery is a great way to prevent relapse. Some studies have shown that working with youth groups and schools will help you promote this feeling of self-worth. According to the NSDUH 2010 survey report, 10 percent Drub Abuse San Diegoof youths age 12 to 17 have used illicit drugs, 15.6 percent of college students are heavy drinkers, and 42 percent of college students are binge drinkers.

Educate Others

Recovering drug or alcohol addicts who speak to the younger generation may find some self-worth by educating others about staying sober. The feeling of being responsible and working to help others will lessen your risk of relapse, while reinforcing what you are doing to help yourself. Attending meetings with other addicts and groups is beneficial for your drug and alcohol relapse prevention. The support during these times is crucial to understanding why you are sober, and these individuals know what you are going through. Listening to how others have stayed sober from drugs or alcohol will help in your relapse prevention.

Avoid Triggers

When recovering from a drug and/or alcohol addiction, you must keep yourself out of those high risk situations that might trigger you to relapse. It is very easy to find yourself back in these situations, especially today with our busy and hectic lifestyles and daily dealings with families, employers, or friends. But let’s face it — sometimes during your recovery you are not going to be able to avoid these issues and stressors. Have a plan for what you will do if these situations present themselves. Substance abuse professionals all agree that prevention is vital to your success or downfall during recovery.

Use the Three Way Approach

Addiction Treatment Center San DiegoThere should be as at least three ways you would handle the trigger situation, so you aren’t tempted if the first doesn’t work. For example, the easiest thing to do is leave the situation altogether and get away from the negative and unhealthy influences. Secondly, get to a place that calms you so you are able to get the cravings under control. A third option is to find a sober friend and talk it out, as this helps get your mind back in the right state. Find out what works best for you, and write down if it works or scratch it off your list if it does not help. Remind yourself of why you are doing this and what you went through to get to where you are at today.

List it Out

Making a list of situations you need to stay away from has helped others by identifying what days and times may be reminders of drinking or doing drugs, as well as point out who and where you need to avoid. Don’t worry what others may think of you if you decline a wedding invitation or if you choose not to go to a party late in the evening, because these situations could cause you to relapse. If they are true friends and family, then they will understand your situation and struggles.

Resources

http:// http://www.rehabs.com/about/relapse-prevention/